--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
The five-storey pink building at No 71 – with archway access at ground floor level – was originally a Mansion Apartment block owned by a Mr. Zaitsev. Today it houses the Nevsky Atrium shopping centre.
Russia's answer to Fennimore Cooper was the author Grigory Danilevsky, who lived here in the mid-C19th. The building was remodelled several times. At the turn of the C20th an extra upper storey was added. In 1968 the ground floor was modified to incorporate the entrance to Mayakovskaya Metro Station.
Mayakovskaya Metro Station was laid-out in a style appropriate to the futurist poet Mayakovsky. The walls are lined with red tiles, and the sliding doors leading to the trains are bevelled. Two huge portraits of the poet-artist Mayakovsky himself appear on the walls at both ends of the platform hall.
Vladimir Mayakovsky was a futurist poet, artist and playwright who became the favoured wild-child of the newly-installed USSR. He was born in the Caucasus, where his father had been a forest ranger – but his family moved to Moscow after his father's early death. In Moscow he met with revolutionaries and drank deep from the ideas of Marxist thinking. He wrote and staged experimental plays, composed futurist poetry, and designed agit-prop posters and other pro-revolutionary propaganda material.
After the Revolution happened, Mayakovsky could hardly do wrong – his work was published in extensive editions, his plays were staged, and he became the public face of the USSR. However, nagging doubts remained, and Mayakovsky found himself unable to square the political propaganda he was expected to produce for Stalin's USSR with the regimes serial failures, excesses, and the vicious repression that began after Lenin's death. For unknown reasons that can only be guessed at, Mayakovsky locked himself in a hotel room in April 1930, and – allegedly – blew his brains out with a revolver. Some among his still-extensive cult of followers don't accept this version of his death, and believe that foul play was involved. The truth – whatever it might be - is unlikely to emerge.
St. Petersburg is known as Russian cultural capital. It is also called “Northern Palmira” or “Northern Venice” as it was founded on islands in the delta of the Neva River and has a lot of architectural masterpieces.
Nevsky Prospect is the main avenue and one of the best-known streets in Russia. It is a real treasury of Russian culture. The street was planned by Peter the Great as beginning of the road to Novgorod and Moscow. It goes through the historical center of the city, firstly - from the Admiralty to the Moscow Railway Station and then, after making a turn at Vosstaniya Square, to the Alexander Nevsky Lavra.
Life on Nevsky Prospect has always been the object of attention of writers. For example, it was described by Nikolai Gogol in his story "Nevsky Prospect". Fyodor Dostoevsky often employed the Prospect as a setting within his works, such as Crime and Punishment and The Double: A Petersburg Poem.
It is best to start your walk from famous Palace Square where you can visit one of the most prominent world museums – the Hermitage. In the center of the square you will see the Alexander Column, a very popular among tourists place. With Your Audio Guide you will listen to the history of the square and all its attractions (The New Hermitage, The Winter Palace, the Alexander Column and The General Staff Building).
During the tour you will walk through the Alexander Gardens, past the Admiralty, see a lot of historical houses – real architectural “pearls” - Wawelberg's Mansion Apartments, The Sivers-Treiberg House, The Chaplin Brothers House, Chicherin's House, etc. The chief sights of the Prospect include palaces, churches and cathedrals, shopping centers and department stores. Among palaces are the Rastrelliesque Stroganov Palace, the Anichkov Palace, The Beloselsky-Belozersky Palace, Grand-Princess Yusopova's Residence and the Mikhailovsky, or Michael Palace.
Nevsky Prospect deserves the name "the street of religious tolerance". Religious buildings are presented by the huge neoclassical Kazan Cathedral, the picturesque Russian-style Cathedral of Our Savior on Spilt Blood – a place where terrorists exploded the Emperor Alexander II, the Alexander Nevsky Lavra, St.Catherine's Cathedral - the oldest Catholic Church in Russia, and The Armenian Church.
Nevsky Prospect is also the city’s central shopping street and the hub of the city’s entertainment and nightlife. For that You can visit the Art Nouveau Bookhouse,Elisseeff Emporium, half a dozen 18th-century churches, , an enormous 18th-century shopping mall “Gostinny Dvor”, a mid-19th-century department store “The Passage” and The Alexandrinsky Theatre, in the yard of which a monument to Catherine the Great is standing.
Your audio guide is glad to present you a wide audio tour of the Nevsky Prospeсt with map and descriptions. With this map, you will never get lost and you will always know what surprise awaits you ahead.