--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
You're standing on a broad bridge over the River Moika. Take a look – the railings are painted green, and the bridge is called The Green Bridge. During two centuries of solid service the bridge's name has been changed several times – it's been called the Police Bridge, and the People's Bridge, but recently its original name was returned to it – the Green Bridge. No matter what name it had, the railings, lampposts and iron frame have always been painted green.
The bridge here was rebuilt several times. Hastie's wrought iron bridge replaced an earlier wooden swing-bridge. It assumed its present appearance in 1907, when it was considerably expanded. New decorative details were also added – the wrought-iron railings and candelabras, along with the six-sided hexagonal street-lamps.
William Hastie was a Scottish engineer who was summoned to Russia in 1784 on the invitation of his fellow Scot Charles Cameron, to assist on the projects at the Tsarskoye Selo Palace. His contract involved a 15-hour day with breakfast provided, and 30 roubles for his fare home to Scotland. Hastie's special expertise lay in solving tricky engineering problems using the latest techniques in wrought-ironwork. By 1792 he'd been appointed Chief Engineer to Her Majesty Catherine II, and was not only building projects in St.Petersburg, but working all over Russia. He took a Russified name – Vassily Ivanovich Geste – to assist his career. From 1806 he began a huge project to rebuild St.Petersburg's main city bridges in iron, since the former wooden bridges were no longer adequate for the vastly-increased population of the capital. His success with this project gained him promotion to the post of Chief Architect of Russia. His new job involved extensive work for the Royal Court, rebuilding and extending the royal estates at Tsarskoye Selo – for which he was made a Knight of the Order of St Vladimir. Hastie was also sent to rebuild main cities in Siberia, including Krasnoyarsk, Tomsk, and Omsk, and to set up new factories in Izhevsk. Hastie never used his 30-rouble fare home to Scotland – in his old age he was awarded a handsome pension by Tsar Nicholas I, and the gift of a large house at Tsarskoye Selo. Vassily Ivanovich Hastie died in 1832, and was buried in the Kazan Cemetery at Tsarskoye Selo.
St. Petersburg is known as Russian cultural capital. It is also called “Northern Palmira” or “Northern Venice” as it was founded on islands in the delta of the Neva River and has a lot of architectural masterpieces.
Nevsky Prospect is the main avenue and one of the best-known streets in Russia. It is a real treasury of Russian culture. The street was planned by Peter the Great as beginning of the road to Novgorod and Moscow. It goes through the historical center of the city, firstly - from the Admiralty to the Moscow Railway Station and then, after making a turn at Vosstaniya Square, to the Alexander Nevsky Lavra.
Life on Nevsky Prospect has always been the object of attention of writers. For example, it was described by Nikolai Gogol in his story "Nevsky Prospect". Fyodor Dostoevsky often employed the Prospect as a setting within his works, such as Crime and Punishment and The Double: A Petersburg Poem.
It is best to start your walk from famous Palace Square where you can visit one of the most prominent world museums – the Hermitage. In the center of the square you will see the Alexander Column, a very popular among tourists place. With Your Audio Guide you will listen to the history of the square and all its attractions (The New Hermitage, The Winter Palace, the Alexander Column and The General Staff Building).
During the tour you will walk through the Alexander Gardens, past the Admiralty, see a lot of historical houses – real architectural “pearls” - Wawelberg's Mansion Apartments, The Sivers-Treiberg House, The Chaplin Brothers House, Chicherin's House, etc. The chief sights of the Prospect include palaces, churches and cathedrals, shopping centers and department stores. Among palaces are the Rastrelliesque Stroganov Palace, the Anichkov Palace, The Beloselsky-Belozersky Palace, Grand-Princess Yusopova's Residence and the Mikhailovsky, or Michael Palace.
Nevsky Prospect deserves the name "the street of religious tolerance". Religious buildings are presented by the huge neoclassical Kazan Cathedral, the picturesque Russian-style Cathedral of Our Savior on Spilt Blood – a place where terrorists exploded the Emperor Alexander II, the Alexander Nevsky Lavra, St.Catherine's Cathedral - the oldest Catholic Church in Russia, and The Armenian Church.
Nevsky Prospect is also the city’s central shopping street and the hub of the city’s entertainment and nightlife. For that You can visit the Art Nouveau Bookhouse,Elisseeff Emporium, half a dozen 18th-century churches, , an enormous 18th-century shopping mall “Gostinny Dvor”, a mid-19th-century department store “The Passage” and The Alexandrinsky Theatre, in the yard of which a monument to Catherine the Great is standing.
Your audio guide is glad to present you a wide audio tour of the Nevsky Prospeсt with map and descriptions. With this map, you will never get lost and you will always know what surprise awaits you ahead.