--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
Several unhappy episodes in Russia's history are associated with Palace Square. One such was on a frosty morning, 9th January 1905, when 140,000 peaceful protestors came to the Square to petition Tsar Nicholas II for political reforms. They were led by a Priest, Georgy Gapon. Those in the front rows of the procession were carrying holy ikons and portraits of the Tsar. However, Nicholas II himself was not in St.Petersburg at the time – he and his family had left the city for the country palace of Tsarskoye Selo. In the Tsar's absence the Military Governor of the city decided not to permit the procession to approach the Winter Palace, and tried to disperse the crowd with cavalry charges, and troops brought up cannon. However, the number of protestors grew only stronger. Troops of the Preobrazhensky Regiment were formed up facing the demonstrators, and the Commanding Officer gave three warnings that the crowd would be fired upon, if it did not disperse. However, the crowd refused to obey the order – and a hail of gunfire began. Thus the pavements of Palace Square became covered in blood – the incident known as Bloody Sunday.
Those at the front of the crowd fell, while those nearer the back fled in panic. Official records state that 128 people were killed on Bloody Sunday. Later the Tsar announced the donation of 50,000 roubles to the families of the deceased – a massive sum for those days. However, the crowd was in no mood to forgive the Emperor for firing on his own unarmed people, and the bloodshed of January 1905 on Palace Square is frequently cited as a major prologue to the events of the Russian Revolution which followed twelve years later.
St. Petersburg is known as Russian cultural capital. It is also called “Northern Palmira” or “Northern Venice” as it was founded on islands in the delta of the Neva River and has a lot of architectural masterpieces.
Nevsky Prospect is the main avenue and one of the best-known streets in Russia. It is a real treasury of Russian culture. The street was planned by Peter the Great as beginning of the road to Novgorod and Moscow. It goes through the historical center of the city, firstly - from the Admiralty to the Moscow Railway Station and then, after making a turn at Vosstaniya Square, to the Alexander Nevsky Lavra.
Life on Nevsky Prospect has always been the object of attention of writers. For example, it was described by Nikolai Gogol in his story "Nevsky Prospect". Fyodor Dostoevsky often employed the Prospect as a setting within his works, such as Crime and Punishment and The Double: A Petersburg Poem.
It is best to start your walk from famous Palace Square where you can visit one of the most prominent world museums – the Hermitage. In the center of the square you will see the Alexander Column, a very popular among tourists place. With Your Audio Guide you will listen to the history of the square and all its attractions (The New Hermitage, The Winter Palace, the Alexander Column and The General Staff Building).
During the tour you will walk through the Alexander Gardens, past the Admiralty, see a lot of historical houses – real architectural “pearls” - Wawelberg's Mansion Apartments, The Sivers-Treiberg House, The Chaplin Brothers House, Chicherin's House, etc. The chief sights of the Prospect include palaces, churches and cathedrals, shopping centers and department stores. Among palaces are the Rastrelliesque Stroganov Palace, the Anichkov Palace, The Beloselsky-Belozersky Palace, Grand-Princess Yusopova's Residence and the Mikhailovsky, or Michael Palace.
Nevsky Prospect deserves the name "the street of religious tolerance". Religious buildings are presented by the huge neoclassical Kazan Cathedral, the picturesque Russian-style Cathedral of Our Savior on Spilt Blood – a place where terrorists exploded the Emperor Alexander II, the Alexander Nevsky Lavra, St.Catherine's Cathedral - the oldest Catholic Church in Russia, and The Armenian Church.
Nevsky Prospect is also the city’s central shopping street and the hub of the city’s entertainment and nightlife. For that You can visit the Art Nouveau Bookhouse,Elisseeff Emporium, half a dozen 18th-century churches, , an enormous 18th-century shopping mall “Gostinny Dvor”, a mid-19th-century department store “The Passage” and The Alexandrinsky Theatre, in the yard of which a monument to Catherine the Great is standing.
Your audio guide is glad to present you a wide audio tour of the Nevsky Prospeсt with map and descriptions. With this map, you will never get lost and you will always know what surprise awaits you ahead.