--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
Thick crowns of maples and lindens in the northern-eastern part of the Garden cover the Summer Palace of the Peter the Great.
The modest two-storey palace is not quite similar to other Tsar residencies of Petersburg. Its walls decorate linings and small reliefs depicting the Northern World in an allegorical way. Architect Domenico Trezini built the Palace quite fast, just for two years. Peter with his family lived here only in the summer time, May to October. Therefore, the walls of the Palace are thin, and windows are single framed. Moreover, the Palace itself is tight, not in a royal way. It contains just 14 rooms and two kitchens.
One of the kitchens is lined with décor Dutch tiles. Here, the Empress Catherine herself baked Peter’s favorite pies. In the Tsar’s bedroom, under a silk curtain, there is a wide bed, and in the cabinet, there are hanging caftans reminding of the big height of their owner. At the study on the desk there is an old shipwatch with compass – the gift of the English King George the First, and, on the walls there are time darkened paintings of the sea battles.
In the turning shop, there are still lathes, on which Tsar Peter liked to work. Even a millwork he made with his hands – stools, armchair and a big cabinet of nut-tree, where he kept his jackboots, are remained.
During the centuries of Empire St. Petersburg was a grand city with ceremonial buildings, rich and pompous palaces. Even today St. Petersburg can boast a huge number of palaces, including some of the grandest residences not just in Russia, but in the whole of Europe.
Our audio guide will take you to the most famous palaces and Grand residences of St. Petersburg. We can start with the Tauride Palace and Garden, one of the largest and most historic complexes in Russia. This palace was designed for Grigory Potemkin in a rigorous Palladian style. In the 19th century, the palace was transformed into a residence for minor royalty. It had been used to host balls and exhibitions until 1906, when it was given as a seat of the first Russian parliament, the Imperial State Duma.
You will also hear the history of the Winter Palace, the most prominent palace in Russia. The Winter Palace not only physically dominates Palace Square and the south embankment of the Neva River, but also plays a central political, symbolic, and cultural role in the three-century history of the city. It was declared part of the State Hermitage Museum on 17 October 1917. Now the Winter Palace, the Hermitage and all historical landmarks of St. Petersburg are enlisted by the UNESCO.
Another famous building is Anichkov Palace located next to Anichkov Bridge across the Fontanka River. It’s one of the oldest buildings on Nevsky Prospect commissioned by Empress Elizabeth in 1741. When the palace was completed she presented it to Aleksey Razumovsky, her favourite and unofficial spouse.
Mariinsky Palace, the last neoclassical imperial palace to be constructed in Saint Petersburg, was built between 1839 and 1844 by the court architect Andrei Stackensneider. The palace stands on the south side of St Isaac's Square, just across the 99-metre-wide Blue Bridge from Saint Isaac's Cathedral. The palace was conceived by Emperor Nicholas I as a wedding present to his daughter Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna.
During the tour you will also see the houses and mansions of famous court and military people: The House of Saltykov, The Marble Palace, The Vladimir Palace, The Mikhailovsky Castle, The Novo-Mikhailovsky Palace, The House of Gagarin, etc. Each building has its own history sometimes dramatic.
Take a walk in the Summer Garden. It was founded in 1704 by order of Peter the Great, who was personally involved in planning it, and is laid out according to strict geometrical principles. The Summer Garden is home to marble statues acquired from Europe especially for Russia's new capital, and also to rare flowers and plants, as well as fountains.
The Field of Mars, not far from the Summer Garden, has a long and varied history dating back to the very beginning of the city's history. You will listen to it while walking. To your attention will also be the stories and legends of The First Engineer Bridge, The Salt City, The Building of Senate and Synod, The Isakievsky Cathedral, The Petropavlovsk Fortress.
With audio visual materials you will also get a map that won’t let you lose your way.