The Mariinsky Palace

Длительность: 02:11:20
Язык экскурсии: Русский
Автор: Publisher "New book"

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Right before you, behind the back of the Bronze Nicholas the First, is the magnificent Mariinsky Palace. The architect Stakensneider built it for the Emperor’s daughter, Grand Princess Maria Nikolaevna.

That was a gift of Nicholas for the day of her wedding with the Prince Maximilian of Leichtenberg. By traditions of those times, husbands for Grand Princess, most often, were found overseas, and after the wedding a wife had to move to her husband’s possessions. However, Maria was her father’s favorite daughter, and he did not really want to part with her. Fortunately, a bridegroom was found, fitting for the Emperor’s daughter; moreover, he agreed to move to Russia.

The wedding took place at the same time with laying down the foundation of the Palace. According to conditions of the marriage contract, the spouses had to live in Petersburg. Despite their mutual love, their life together could not be called cloudless, especially for Maximilian. He never was a true host in this Palace. He was always communicated that he was a foreigner, just a son of Eugene Bogarne, a stepchild of Napoleon.

Yet, Maria and Maximilian were happy, at least, in the beginning. Children were born one by one – three girls and four boys. Nicholas the First adored the grandchildren, and nearly everyday walked from the Winter Palace to the Mariinsky Palace. They were brought up in a typical Romanov, Spartan way. The Emperor’s grandchildren slept in cold rooms on camp beds; in the summertime – on straw mattresses. They rode in an open cab in any weather. A carriage was allowed only in case of bad cold.

After the death of Prince Leichtenberg, Maria Nikolaevna got married on Prince Gregory Stroganov. The rest of their life, the spouses spent, mainly, in Italy, visiting Petersburg sometimes. Nicholas the First did not ever learn about this scandalous misalliance. People was talking on that if that would happen, the Emperor could confine her in a cloister, and send Stroganov to Caucuses as a soldier.

Maria Nikolaevna left for her children not only the Mariinsky Palace, but also three-million Ruble debts. That is why they had to sell the family nest. In 1884, the Grand Princess’ residency was transformed into one of the centers of the Russian political life. The State Council of the Russian Empire and the Cabinet of Ministers moved here.

In 1901, one hundred year anniversary of the State Council’s foundation was celebrated. On this occasion, Ilya Repin, who was in the peak of his talent, was ordered the painting “Ceremonial Meeting of the State Council”. It was painted specially for the Mariinsky Palace, but was hanging in here not for long, just 10 years. After the February Revolution of 1917, its location here was considered useless and it was transferred to the Russian Museum.

The Mariinsky Palace was occupied with the Provisional Government for a while, and then, it hosted the All-Russian Committee on Elections in the Constitutional Convention. During the Soviet Times, the Palace changed its hosts and purpose not once. In the very end of the war, the Leningrad City Council of People’s Deputies moved here. Today, the former Dance Hall of the Mariinsky Palace is hosting sessions of the Saint-Petersburg’s Legislative Assembly. So, the political history of the Mariinsky Palace is going on.

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Информация по экскурсии "Palaces of St. Petersburg"

During the centuries of Empire St. Petersburg was a grand city with ceremonial buildings, rich and pompous palaces. Even today St. Petersburg can boast a huge number of palaces, including some of the grandest residences not just in Russia, but in the whole of Europe.

Our audio guide will take you to the most famous palaces and Grand residences of St. Petersburg. We can start with the Tauride Palace and Garden, one of the largest and most historic complexes in Russia. This palace was designed for Grigory Potemkin in a rigorous Palladian style. In the 19th century, the palace was transformed into a residence for minor royalty. It had been used to host balls and exhibitions until 1906, when it was given as a seat of the first Russian parliament, the Imperial State Duma.

You will also hear the history of the Winter Palace, the most prominent palace in Russia. The Winter Palace not only physically dominates Palace Square and the south embankment of the Neva River, but also plays a central political, symbolic, and cultural role in the three-century history of the city. It was declared part of the State Hermitage Museum on 17 October 1917. Now the Winter Palace, the Hermitage and all historical landmarks of St. Petersburg are enlisted by the UNESCO.

Another famous building is Anichkov Palace located next to Anichkov Bridge across the Fontanka River. It’s one of the oldest buildings on Nevsky Prospect commissioned by Empress Elizabeth in 1741. When the palace was completed she presented it to Aleksey Razumovsky, her favourite and unofficial spouse.

Mariinsky Palace, the last neoclassical imperial palace to be constructed in Saint Petersburg, was built between 1839 and 1844 by the court architect Andrei Stackensneider. The palace stands on the south side of St Isaac's Square, just across the 99-metre-wide Blue Bridge from Saint Isaac's Cathedral. The palace was conceived by Emperor Nicholas I as a wedding present to his daughter Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna.

During the tour you will also see the houses and mansions of famous court and military people: The House of Saltykov, The Marble Palace, The Vladimir Palace, The Mikhailovsky Castle, The Novo-Mikhailovsky Palace, The House of Gagarin, etc. Each building has its own history sometimes dramatic.

Take a walk in the Summer Garden. It was founded in 1704 by order of Peter the Great, who was personally involved in planning it, and is laid out according to strict geometrical principles. The Summer Garden is home to marble statues acquired from Europe especially for Russia's new capital, and also to rare flowers and plants, as well as fountains.

The Field of Mars, not far from the Summer Garden, has a long and varied history dating back to the very beginning of the city's history. You will listen to it while walking. To your attention will also be the stories and legends of The First Engineer Bridge, The Salt City, The Building of Senate and Synod, The Isakievsky Cathedral, The Petropavlovsk Fortress.

With audio visual materials you will also get a map that won’t let you lose your way.


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