--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
In the gap of the street, you can see the Holy Panteleymon Church, one of the oldest in Petersburg. A while ago, this street was also called Panteleymon one, and only in 1923 it was renamed as Pestel street.
Peter the Great was initiator of building the Holy Panteleymon Church. The Emperor intended it to be a memorial temple dedicated to the first victories in sea battles of Russia.
In 1714 at the Cape Gangut, the Russian Skerry Fleet headed by Peter the Great had engaged in battle with vessels of the Swedish Sailing Fleet. The weather was favorable for the Russians. The sea was calm and there was no wind making the Swedish vessels unable to spread sails, be maneuverable and use their advantage in artillery fire. The Russian galleys were able to tightly approach and grapple with them. After strong resistance, a flagship Elephant and ten more Swedish vessels surrendered. The Rear Admiral Erensheld tried to escape in a boat, but was caught and captured. In Petersburg, the conquerors marched under a Triumph Arch decorated with the Russian Double Eagle sitting on the back of the Elephant. It read: The Russian Eagle Does Not Catch Flies”.
In 1720, the Russian Fleet took another victory over the Swedish at the battle of Grengam Ireland. Both victories were taken with 6 year difference, but on the same day of July 27. The Russian Orthodox Church honors the Holy Panteleymon on this day.
The professional doctor, he lived in the beginning of the 4th century in the Asia Minor and treated imprisoned Christians. In Russ, he was honored as a healer for long and addressed to him in prayers for healing from different diseases. Moreover, after the victories taken by Peter the Great, the Holy Panteleymon became the protector of the Russian Fleet as well.
The first church of the Holy Panteleymon, at sanctification of which Peter the Great was present, was made of wood, which existed for not so long. During the Empress Anna Ioanovna, architect Ivan Korobov built the modern stone temple.
In the C19th, Biblical marble bas-reliefs by Sculptor Loganovsky appeared on the façade of the church; in 1914 – memorial boards of dark-green marble. They depicted all skerry vessels and military units, which participated in the sea battle of Cape Gangut.
During the centuries of Empire St. Petersburg was a grand city with ceremonial buildings, rich and pompous palaces. Even today St. Petersburg can boast a huge number of palaces, including some of the grandest residences not just in Russia, but in the whole of Europe.
Our audio guide will take you to the most famous palaces and Grand residences of St. Petersburg. We can start with the Tauride Palace and Garden, one of the largest and most historic complexes in Russia. This palace was designed for Grigory Potemkin in a rigorous Palladian style. In the 19th century, the palace was transformed into a residence for minor royalty. It had been used to host balls and exhibitions until 1906, when it was given as a seat of the first Russian parliament, the Imperial State Duma.
You will also hear the history of the Winter Palace, the most prominent palace in Russia. The Winter Palace not only physically dominates Palace Square and the south embankment of the Neva River, but also plays a central political, symbolic, and cultural role in the three-century history of the city. It was declared part of the State Hermitage Museum on 17 October 1917. Now the Winter Palace, the Hermitage and all historical landmarks of St. Petersburg are enlisted by the UNESCO.
Another famous building is Anichkov Palace located next to Anichkov Bridge across the Fontanka River. It’s one of the oldest buildings on Nevsky Prospect commissioned by Empress Elizabeth in 1741. When the palace was completed she presented it to Aleksey Razumovsky, her favourite and unofficial spouse.
Mariinsky Palace, the last neoclassical imperial palace to be constructed in Saint Petersburg, was built between 1839 and 1844 by the court architect Andrei Stackensneider. The palace stands on the south side of St Isaac's Square, just across the 99-metre-wide Blue Bridge from Saint Isaac's Cathedral. The palace was conceived by Emperor Nicholas I as a wedding present to his daughter Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna.
During the tour you will also see the houses and mansions of famous court and military people: The House of Saltykov, The Marble Palace, The Vladimir Palace, The Mikhailovsky Castle, The Novo-Mikhailovsky Palace, The House of Gagarin, etc. Each building has its own history sometimes dramatic.
Take a walk in the Summer Garden. It was founded in 1704 by order of Peter the Great, who was personally involved in planning it, and is laid out according to strict geometrical principles. The Summer Garden is home to marble statues acquired from Europe especially for Russia's new capital, and also to rare flowers and plants, as well as fountains.
The Field of Mars, not far from the Summer Garden, has a long and varied history dating back to the very beginning of the city's history. You will listen to it while walking. To your attention will also be the stories and legends of The First Engineer Bridge, The Salt City, The Building of Senate and Synod, The Isakievsky Cathedral, The Petropavlovsk Fortress.
With audio visual materials you will also get a map that won’t let you lose your way.