--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
Ilya Repin was an artist famous for domestic and historical canvases – but was no less famed as a portraitist. However, for a certain time, people said that sitting for a portrait painted by Repin could become dangerous for the sitter. Let us explain exactly how! People began to say that a curse was associated with his portraits. For example, the composer Mussorgsky had his portrait painted – and died shortly after. Another portrait was of the critic Pisemsky – who died within the year. The collector Tretyakov commissioned Repin to paint the poet Tyutchev... and yet again, the sitter quickly passed away. One of Repin's friends asked jokingly “Why couldn't you paint Prime-Minister Stolypin, for a change? That awful man nearly drives me mad!” But the joke quickly lost its humour. Very soon Repin received a commission to paint an official portrait of Prime-Minister Stolypin. Very shortly after the work was completed, Stolypin made an official visit to Kiev, where he was assassinated by terrorists.
Repin particularly hoped to paint a portrait of his fellow artist Nikolai Gé – but Gé wouldn't hear of it. Finally Repin went to the Ukraine in person, to ask Gé's permission to paint his portrait. Their conversation was recorded in the book “People are like stars”...
“What do you want it for?” said Gé, as he tried to avoid Repin's request. “It makes me uncomfortable – as though you'd offered to come and bury me?!”
“My dear chap!” exclaimed Repin “you're talking just like a caveman!”
“Well”, replied Gé, “even cavemen have a right to live, y'know?” muttered Gé in reply.
Finally Repin succeeded in painting Gé's portrait. Nor did Nikolai Gé come to any kind of harm as a result, either. Several years later Repin met Gé again, and laughed at his older colleague's superstition. Gé grumpily replied
“I'll tell you what, Ilya! If I hadn't shown you my middle finger then, I might not be here today talking to you!”
“What?” exclaimed Repin in surprise. “When did you give me the finger, exactly, eh?”
“Aha!” said Gé excitedly. “I did it when you weren't looking! Whenever you were busy with your canvas, I did it! Or if you had your back turned to me! An old gypsy fortune-teller showed me how to do it! May God rest her soul!” Whether the fortune-teller's remedy really worked or not, there were no further cases of the Curse Of Ilya Repin.
The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.
During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.
There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.
Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.
Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.
With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.