--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
There's a Public Garden right in the centre of Bolshoi Tolmachevsky pereulok, and in the centre of this square we find an attractive small fountain, with silver floral decoration and golden picture-frames. There's a further part of this square adjacent, where we find a bust placed on a small column, depicting the author Shmelev. Now turn in the opposite direction to the pedestrian street, and you see magnificent wrought-iron gates set in black iron decorative railings – and behind them, a imposing mansion building of the C18th, formerly the property of the millionaire Urals nobility, the Demidov family. Today the mansion is occupied the Ushinsky State Pedagogical Library.
There's an unusual decorative fountain titled “Inspiration” on the Public Square – where Bolshoi Tolmachevsky meets Lavrushinsky pereulok. The fountain was opened in 2006 to mark the 150th anniversary of Tretyakovsky's birth. The fountain also has a popular nickname as the Fountain of Art. The centre of the fountain is a stylised birch-tree of Inspiration. Different gold picture-frames are part of the composition, illustrating genres of painting – portrait, landscape, and still life. If you use your imagination – and know the paintings! - you can imagine that these pictures represents Vasnetsov's “Ivan The Terrible”, Kuinji's “The Birch Grove” and Mashkov's “Moscow supper – Bread”.
The Inspiration Fountain is interesting for a second reason – while it was being dug, archaeologists uncovered the most astounding find in the Zamoskvorechie area. By law in Moscow, any site where digging takes place has to invite the City Archaeologists to take a look first. The City Archaeologists have been working for 30 years and a number of experts are employed. While the foundations of the fountain were being excavated, the archaeologists uncovered a huge store of ammunition from the C15-16th, knives, C14th coins, clay pots full of gold and silver, jewellery, domestic ware and other items from down the years of history. A military helmet that was uncovered here is now on display at Gostinny Dvor, near GUM.
The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.
During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.
There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.
Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.
Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.
With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.