The Church of St Nicholas in Tolmachakh

Длительность: 04:17:11
Язык экскурсии: Русский
Автор: Publisher "New book"

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The Church of St Nicholas in Tolmachakh – or St Nicholas in Translator's Street, as it might be in English - abuts the Tretyakov Gallery, and dates from the C17th. After the Russian Revolution the church was made into a storeroom for the Tretyakov Gallery – but in 1997 it was restored and acquired museum status – ending an ugly ownership tussle between the Gallery and the Church Patriarchate. This dispute arose because the Gallery refused to hand over the Ikon of the Blessed Virgin of Vladimir – which had hung in the Dormition Cathedral until seized in 1917. By the 1930s the ikon was already on display at the Tretyakov. Experts proved it was not a 'likeness ikon', but the original. Rather than have a conflict with the Church, the art-historians demurred. A compromise was reached in 2000, and the ikon was transferred to the Church Of St Nicholas.

Tradition holds that the Vladimir Ikon of the Blessed Virgin was painted by the Apostle Luke himself. The ikon was brought back to ancient Muscovy by knights returning from Byzantium – whereupon it was presented to Yuri Dolgoruky, the Prince who founded the City of Moscow. The populace gave thanks on many occasions to the ikon for its intervention in time of warfare.
This most holy relic is kept preserved in a special covering, which is known by a Greek Orthodox term simply as 'its box'. The temperature is kept carefully regulated, and the ikon is behind security glass – but one may approach it.

МЕСТОПОЛОЖЕНИЕ ОБЪЕКТА

Информация по экскурсии "Zamoskvorechye"

The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.

During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.

There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.

Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.

Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.

With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.


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