--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
This two-storey yellow manor with a semi-basement at No.16, its façade rusticated and its fence beautifully lace-worked, used to be home to sugar producer Tereschenko. Now you will simply find private property here: the house has recently been bought by a few companies that renovated it and gave it a proper look.
Mikhail Tereschenko was one of the largest landowners in Ukraine; he was also on the Board of the All-Russian Sugar Producers’ Union and a trustee for the Volzhsko-Kamsk bank. Having graduated from the law faculty of the Moscow State university, he managed to combine commercial activity with his job with the roman and civil law department of his alma mater. He did at some point get involved with state official’s work, then he moved on to publishing; in fact, he owned a fairly famous Moscow publishing house that printed titles of contemporary Russian literature. After February 1917, when Nikolay II abdicated, Tereschenko took up the position of Minister of Foreign Affairs in the temporary government. In October 1917 he was arrested once the Bolshevik revolution was over. He managed to leave the country in the spring of 1918. He passed on in 1956 in Monaco as a successful financier.
The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.
During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.
There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.
Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.
Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.
With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.