--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
Right next to the radically yellow fence that separates the number 8-10 from the pavement there is a thoroughfare to a building site. It is, however, blocked by a lifting gate. This very same path is also inaccessible thanks to a void-free green mesh at the spot on Sophia Embankment where two trees are still standing. But that’s where you can see the main entrance to the former plant of Gustav List from.
Back in the day the entrance to Gustav List’s plant was adorned with two fantastic sculptures – those of a smith and of a foundry-man. Today they can be found in one of Moscow’s museums. At least, that’s what we are being told. Gustav List was a Moscow-based entrepreneur of German descent who was the founder of fire equipment manufacturing. You can still come across advertising in the Internet that offers you to buy pumps and ship bells that are branded by List’s plant on the Sophia Embankment. The premises took up several blocks, going out all the way to Bolotnaya Square.
During the soviet times Gustav List’s plant was nationalized and received a new name – “Plant No.5”. It went on to become “HydroFiltr” and then, finally, the “Krasny Fackel” (or the “Red Torch”). Prior to the war the plant switched to refrigerator equipment. There are no production facilities here today, and the site is covered up with industrial mesh, just like the buildings next door.
Gustav List came to Russia in 1856, having learnt the manufacturing business in the States. He got himself a job as a mechanic at a sugar plant in Voronezh upon arriving in Russia. In 1863 he moved to Moscow and founded a workshop on Petrovka street that produced pumps and fire inventory. This had always been in demand in Moscow that suffered fires quite frequently. Now this is interesting: List made his first fortune not on the fire inventory, but on… cutting sugar. All the Russian sugar was sold in large chunks, wrapped in blue paper. People had to cut it, chop it, break it… you name it. And suddenly they were offered a simple solution!..
The first fire inventory workshop of List’s had diminished… ironically, in a fire. The business was re-established as a plant on Sophia embankment in 1874. List gradually bought land in the district until he owned premises up until Bolotnaya Square; his manufacturing expanded on and on. However, Gustav List was still quite a sweet-tooth. He kept his sugar stocks in a warehouse at hand. The Worldwide Exhibition in 1878 that took place in Paris awarded List’s pumps with a silver medal. His product range was impressive: complete assortment of plumbing equipment, fire hydrants, pumps, scales, weights, and many other things. The company got the right to stamp all of its products with Russia’s state coat of arms.
The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.
During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.
There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.
Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.
Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.
With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.