--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
Have a look around. It feels like the neighbourhood has never been quite completed – or, maybe, never quite demolished? The senses don’t lie.
According to the General Moscow development plan of the 1935 the Boulevard ring was expected to stretch way beyond across Zamoskvorechie. The blocks were partly cleared off prior to the war. Sadovnichesky road was laid, the Church of Paraskeva Piatnitsa was brought down, as well as a few other houses. Yet only with the passing of Stalin was it that they got to reconstruct full-heartedly. In 1953 the design and construction of residential and administrative buildings for the Ministry of coal industry kicked off. To be able to appreciate the scale, just think of this: the complex was to include another hall for the Tretyakovskaya underground station, as well as some territory adjacent to Ovchinnikovskaya embankment.
Sadovnichesky road got its name after the area populated with prince’s gardeners (its name loosely translates as “Gardeners’ road”). It used to be part of today’s Sadovnichesky island back in the 17th century. Only it was no island at the time, but simply a garden surrounded by a swamp. The tram ways were launched here in 1963. Before that all the trams turned for Piatnitskaya and further on to Chugunny bridge, not the Comissariattsky bridge as it is today.
The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.
During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.
There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.
Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.
Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.
With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.