--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
You are now on Serafimovich Street that goes across Sadovnichesky (or Gardeners) Island. However, its official name is Balchug Island, and yet it also gets called Bolotny Island, Nameless Island (which it is NOT, frankly), or simply – the Island. It’s located between the bend of Moscow River and the Water Overflow Canal. It is the largest artificial island in Moscow.
The Sadovnichesky island is a grand piece of land between Moscow river and the Water Overflow Canal; it is connected to the continent, so to speak, by 16 bridges, 6 of which are strictly pedestrian, while the other 10 are fit for both pedestrians and traffic. In spring the river used to flood the low banks. Yet this could frighten nobody, and in the C14th the Great Prince gardens were laid out here. Later on the professional gardener settlements appeared, too. It remained this way until 1701, when a huge fire destroyed the whole place. Yet the land so close to the Kremlin could never be left uninhabited for long; the territory received a construction upgrade.
In 1783, in April, to be precise, the supporting structures of the only stone bridge over Moscow River got damaged. Three of its arches tumbled into water. It had been as little time ago as 1775 that Nicholas Legran, Moscow’s chief architect at the time, had proposed to create an artificial island and to put up a system of fortifications and harbours in the Moscow river aquatic area. He also considered it a must-do to divert two additional channels along Ostozhenka and Yakimanka streets. Yet it was only as late as 1783 that Catherine II ordered to construct a drainage channel according to a slightly altered plan.
The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.
During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.
There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.
Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.
Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.
With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.