--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
Frankly there is not very much remarkable about the architecture of No. 9 on Pyatnitskaya. But on the ground floor is a cafe which is one of a current genre in Moscow. Instead of thinking up some dynamic or inspiring name for the cafe, they instead summed up the atmosphere and menu in one, by calling it Ochen' domashnee, or 'Real Home-Cooking”.
However, long ago No. 9 on Pyatnitskaya was one of the outlets of the famous baker Philippov. He opened one of his bakeries here on Pyatnitskaya some time before his huge success kicked-in, and people called him “The King of Bakers”. For a long time after that the building housed a grocer's shop.
Philippov The Master Baker gained huge popularity and celebrity in Moscow – and not just for his bread. People say that it was Philippov who first introduced raisin buns to the Russian public. Probably this is the background to a popular story about these raisin buns!
Allegedly one of Philippov's currant buns turned up on His Majesty The Tsar's breakfast table. Of course, the bun was scrumptious! But unfortunately, not all the dark bits were currants – among them, His Imperial Majesty found... a cockroach! This left the Tsar in a fuming rage, and he immediately summoned Philippov. Philippov rushed to attend His Majesty's will – where he was met with the question - “What is THIS?” Philippov was unperturbed, and replied, “Why, it's a currant, Your Majesty!”. “Well, if it's a current, then YOU eat it!” bawled His Royal Highness. Philippov ate the dubious item without blinking – it was a freshly-baked cockroach. The Tsar smiled at the resourceful baker, and decided to let him go. Philippov rushed home, and sent His Majesty a fresh delivery of buns – but this time baked with raisins, to avoid any doubt! And that's how Philippov began offering raisin buns.
The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.
During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.
There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.
Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.
Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.
With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.