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There's a dull-looking beige building at No. 6 Pyatnitskaya Street, on the even-numbered side. There's a memorial plaque in Russia on the wall. It was the house of a family of shoe-makers, among whom in the late C19th was born Vassily Lebedev-Kumach - a prominent song-writer of the soviet era.
The popular soviet songwriter Lebedev-Kumach was born in the two-storey house we find at No 6 Pyatnitskaya St. In fact his real name was just Lebedev (“Mr. Swan”) - “Kumach” was just his pen-name. His songs were often sung in soviet classic movies, and the entire country knew his work. Undoubtedly his most famous song was “Arise, Enormous Country!”, the most popular hit of WW2. For many people this song still symbolises Russia's defiance during the heaviest years of the War.
Outside No. 6 Pyatnitskaya we find a carved bas-relief memorial plaque showing a portrait of the poet and song-writer Vassily Lebedev-Kumach. Back in the C18th the land here had been owned by the Earls of Dashkov. A merchant named Gzheltsov built the present house – or at least, the ground floor of it as market-stall premises for trade. The whole house was rebuilt during the soviet era, with the intention of turning it into residential housing.
Another interesting little courtyard off Pyatnitskaya is found at No. 6, by going through the central archway. It's really worth having a look – you'll find yourself looking at the main house of a mansion owned by a merchant named Yeremeyev. The stone tablet outside the house is a listed monument. Go inside the cafe “Nischy Gaultier” - or “Poor Gaultier” - in the old building, you'll see all the brick vaulted niches in the walls. Actually the courtyard offers access right the way through, and you can come out on Bolshaya Ordynka Street, very near to the Tretyakov Gallery.
The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.
During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.
There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.
Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.
Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.
With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.