--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
The buildings No. 11 and 13 on Sadovnicheskaya St. belong to the Hydroelectric power plant No. 1 named after P.G.Smidovich. The gates of the house No. 11 are more than 100 years old, they were there when the implementation of Lenin’s plan of general electrification started from this very power plant. Behind the gates you can see a portrait of Lenin and the plant’s smokestacks. But the truth is that the plant’s courtyard full of buildings of different epochs is a true architectural preservation area. Some interiors are decorated in Art Deco.
In the middle of the 19th century a subsidiary company of the German holding “Siemens & Halske AG” purchased the whole block between Raushskaya embankment and Sadovnicheskaya St. In 1890-s the company founded a power plant here. The main consumers of their electricity were merchants living in Kitai-Gorod district. The Germans have found a very good spot indeed – the water is right there, so it was no problem to deliver the fuel and cool down the machinery.
The hydroelectric power plant No. 1 is the oldest active thermal plant in Russia. It is named after Pyotr Smidovich, a statesman and politician of the end of the 19th – beginning of the 20-th century. Today the power plant provides heat energy and electricity for the Central Administrative Okrug of Moscow, including Kremlin, State Duma, Staraya and Lubyanskaya squares. Besides, it supplies electricity for several lines of Moscow metro.
The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.
During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.
There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.
Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.
Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.
With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.