--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
Novokuznetskaya underground station hall is the first rotund-style hall in Moscow with a bold flattened Romanesque dome and a colonnade along its perimeter. This type of construction would soon become commonplace and would be extensively used. Just think of the halls of such underground stations as VDNKh, Rizhskaya, Universitet, Alekseyevskaya – they are all scaled-down and simplified versions of this original one. The roof of the dome above the travelling stairs of the station is decorated with a mosaic panel by Frolov titled “Sportsmen’s parade”. You should go down the underground at least to have a look at it – for sure.
The sketches for the “Sportsmen’s parade” panel were produced by the famous artist Alexander Deyneka, and the one to put it all together in Leningrad, former Saint-Petersburg, was Vladimir Frolov, an artist specializing in mosaics. The work had begun before the war and was finished only in 1942, during the siege. Ill and starving, half-blind, Vladimir Frolov refused to join the evacuation and stayed in a freezing workshop, where he managed to complete the job. The mosaic was transferred to the Greater land across the Ladoga lake under the German shellfire. The artist pulled himself together and made it to the pier to bid farewell to his last work; he passed away several days later …
The benches down at the station itself are made from the marble from the blown-up Cathedral of Christ the Saviour. These are the very same slabs on which the names of the 1812 war heroes were carved.
The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.
During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.
There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.
Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.
Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.
With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.