--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
Novokyznetskaya street (or simply Kuznetskaya street until June 7th, 1922) is a radial Zamoskvorechie street. It starts from Klimentovsky side-street and finishes right at Valovaya street (or the Garden ring). Novokuznetskaya street, as well as Sadovnichesky road it turns into further up North, is the last street of historic Zamoskvorechie that managed to keep its tram ways. The first tram route was launched along Novokuznetskaya in 1990. This route started where today’s above-ground hall of the Novokuznetskaya underground station stands. Until 1963 it turned not onto Sadovnichesky road but onto Piatnitskaya street, in the direction of Chugunny bridge.
Today you can take one of the three trams that service Novokuznetskaya street: they are called “А”, No,3 and No.39. Two of them deserve a special mention. The famous “A”, or the “Annushka”, is well-known to many Muscovites, especially those who had been born in Moscow and had grown up here. The historic A-route appeared in the early 1910s, when the horse-drawn trams were almost extinct, and the electric ones started to prevail. The original “Annushka” journeyed along the Boulevard ring of Moscow. The route has undergone major changes plenty of times since then. And the No.3 started as a route from Chistyie Prudy to Paveletskaya; that’s how it travels today still. Only one minor change: the route doesn’t end at the trainstation and has been continued all the way to Balaklavsky avenue. Still it is the No.3 route that is considered to be the oldest in Moscow.
The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.
During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.
There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.
Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.
Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.
With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.