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The three-storey manor built in a classical style, with a portico comprised of six flat corynthian pilasters, that stands on the odd side of Piatnitskaya street, is an 18th-century manor that used to belong to a textiles manufacturer, merchant Kozma Matveev.
In the very early 19th century the manor was reconstructed by merchant Matveev’s successors; another level was added, making it three in total. Soon after the war of 1812 the manor was bought out by the treasury, and from 1818 the Piatnitskaya police station had been based here. Ten years later this building acquired a wooden fire belfry – before the revolution every police branch was equipped with a fire depot. The belfry was knocked down in the 1920s, just like most of Moscow’s belfries, anyway. At the moment this building is occupied by the central office of Yabloko political party.
Kozma Matveevich Matveev was one of the wealthiest men of his time. He headed a tobacco lease, he owned a paint, a sealing-wax and a textile plant in the Moscow region. In the mid-18th century the state presented him with the large Glushakovskaya manufacture not far from Kursk; he obliged to provide for the army, namely – guarantee up to 50 thousand arshins of textiles (which is over 1500 inches) annually. He also owned three iron production plants. Basically, he was on the money, and big time on! Kozma Matveev is considered the benefactor of Saint Clement’s Church. Given his affluence, this may well be true.
The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.
During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.
There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.
Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.
Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.
With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.