--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
During WW2 there were anti-aircraft gun placements on Marshy Square – they were installed on the spot where you see the children's playground, next to the monument. The gun positions here were specially intended to protect the Kremlin, the House On The Embankment – the enormous grey housing block on the West Side, and its Top Party elite residents.
The night of 1st to 2nd December 1941 saw one of the last German carpet-bombing air-raids on Moscow. The air was rent with the wailing of air-raid sirens, the continuous fire of ack-ack guns, and the pounding of the German bombs exploding. Despite the anti-aircraft fire, the city was left in flames and rubble. For the 862nd Anti-Aircraft Battalion, it was their last battle – a German bomb scored a direct hit on the gun-placement, destroying it completely. Seven gunners were killed and 12 more hospitalised. Building 24, on whose roof the gun-placement had stood, was not only rased to the ground, but a 30-metre crater yawned where the building had previously stood. It took crews two days to remove the rubble.
The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.
During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.
There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.
Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.
Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.
With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.