--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
Numbers 10 and 13 Pyatnitskaya Street stand facing each other. As you can see, they were both built when style moderne was the prevailing fashion. One has balconies with stucco decoration, while the other is more restrained – finished with green tiling, and large windows on the ground floor. Each of these buildings is best seen from the opposite side of the road. Take care when crossing the street!
The tall building at No. 10 Pyatnitskaya was built as an apartment mansion rental investment property for a merchant named Grigoriev. These days the ground floor units are converted into a shoe-shop and a jewellery retailers. Like most such properties, it provided a home to the owner, plus rental income from the other apartments. Today such apartments in this address let for staggering prices. Especially worth our attention here are the balconies on both sides of the building, the two-storey-high basement windows, the rich floral decorative patterns, and the sculptures of female head with flowing hair. This figure, the German Lorelei or water-nymph, was a favourite ornamental device with style moderne designers.
Now take a closer look at the stucco decoration at 2nd-floor level on this building at No. 10 Pyatnitskaya. Can you make out which animals are depicted here? Are they wolves? Or perhaps bears? You can probably see an owl on the top floor but one. It's not the only house on Pyatnitskaya which is adorned by our feathered friends! The famous soviet-era film-director Mikhail Romm lived in this house as a boy.
Until the 1917 Revolution, the house at No. 10 Pyatnitskaya was not only the home of its owner – with apartments rented-out for extra income – but also the premises from which he retailed his tasty wares. For the owner was none other that Nikolai “Sausage-King” Grigoriev – a Merchant of the Second Guild, and Honoured Citizen of the Russian Empire. Tales still circulate of the tasty sausages he sold – along with smoked ham, and stuffed goose, duck, turkey and sucking-pig. Grigoriev had all this succulence prepared at his own factory nearby – near the location of what's now the Tretyakov Gallery. Grigoriev had his sausage shop on the ground floor here. Conveniently there was a wine shop next door, so you could get your whole supper in one place.
The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.
During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.
There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.
Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.
Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.
With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.