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The rose-coloured building with a mezzanine level on the odd-numbered side of the street was built in the C19th. It's decorated in a laconic style, with contours along the ledges and window-frames. The tympanum, above the central entrance, sports the letter 'T' on the upper right-hand side.
White stone has been historically used in many of Moscow's construction projects – roads, churches, civilian and military buildings. Mainly this white stone is limestone and granite boulders from ancient glacial deposits. Particularly interesting is limestone from Myachkovo village, because it comes in several natural colours – yellow, ochre, and pink – and these colours are especially identified with the taste and style of Muscovite classicism. Gilardi and Kazakov were particularly enthusiastic in using this stone.
Building with brick began in “white-walled'” Moscow in the C15th, when a master mason called Yermolin renovated one of the Kremlin cathedrals in “baked stones” ie bricks. The first brick factory opened in Moscow in 1475, in parallel with the edict of Tsar Ivan III to rebuild the Kremlin after the years of Mongol rule. The first Kremlin buildings constructed entirely from brick were the Church of the Deposition of the Robe and the Cathedral of the Annunciation. Brick construction became preferred to white stone, and continued for 500 more years.
The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.
During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.
There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.
Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.
Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.
With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.