--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
If you exit as if for the Water Overflow Canal, then to your left you see Sadovnicheskaya, or Gardeners Embankment, and on the right is Lubochny Lane. Straight ahead you see the start of Pyatnitskaya Street, and a bit further to the right we find the gold domes of the Resurrection Cathedral at Kadashi. You can see some new office and bank buildings on Lubochny Lane, which block the view you'd otherwise have of the Kremlin from here.
The Russian name “Lubochny pereulok” refers to the kind of sturdy ropes used on ships – which may have been made here?
Lubochny Lane is short but very wide, and on weekdays there's intensive traffic here. One peculiarity of the street is that officially there's only one building in it. Another oddity about the street is that it's the only street in Moscow where one side of the street goes into the water. From the canal there's a view across to Marshy Square and the beginnings of Bolshaya Ordynka, or Great Horde Street. Further still we see in the distance the grim grey outline of the House On The Embankment, within whose structure is the “Udarnik” Cinema – you can't miss it, in fact. However, if you take a look left, you get a view that seems more like St. Petersburg than anywhere in Moscow. In fact it's only the Stalin-era skyscraper on Kotelnicheskaya Embankment that reminds you that you're still in Moscow.
The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.
During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.
There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.
Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.
Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.
With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.