--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
There’s a blind wall kind of adorning the ramp of the Bolshoy Kamenny (or Big Stone) Bridge; it is a No.1/9, Bldg. 9, of Lebiazhy Side-street. This wouldn’t have even been worth mentioning – but this large windowless space has been used as an advertising platform for ideological propaganda. Thus, in the 1980s, it carried a motto of the following content for over 5 years: “The Muscovites should work hard, just like Lenin did!”. A little earlier on, in the 1950s, a huge slogan had read: “Life insurance with GosStrakh is available to everyone”.
Lebiazhy Side-street, which literally means “Swan Side-street”, got its name thanks to an artificial swan lake that used to be here in the C15th to C18th. These beautiful birds were bred here to provide the gourmet touch to the tsar’s meals. There was a mill that pumped the water from the lake to the Kremlin trenches, and it also served as an additional fire-safety water reservoir. Moscow river was much shallower those days. Peter the Great ordered the lake dried and filled up, as he was preparing Moscow for a potential Swedish siege.
Lebiazhy Side-street has a lot to offer, from old architectural pieces to mosaic panels that date back to the early C20th. They are a truly rare find. Panels of this kind, manufactured by the same workshop from the Moscow suburban settlement of Abramtsevo, can be seen decorating the façades of Metropol hotel, the Sokol building on Kuznetsky Most Street, and a few other buildings of modern Moscow.
The odd-numbered buildings of Lebiazhy Side-street were erected by the great-nephew of Natalia Goncharova, the wife of the famous poet Alexander Pushkin. His name was Sergey Goncharov, and he was a prominent Moscow architect of his time. You wouldn’t call these houses grand pieces of art exactly, but the 5 ceramic panel images that can be very well observed under the roof of building No.1/9 are interesting enough themselves.
It is supposed that these panels were completed by artist Apollinary Vasnetsov. However, the embossed details of the central panel with a girl in an undersea kingdom certainly refer us to another famous Moscow painter – namely, Mikhail Vrubel.
The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.
During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.
There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.
Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.
Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.
With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.