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We find №4 near the start of Lavrushinsky pereulok on the even-numbered side – adorned with a portico. It's a mansion building from the early C19th. Within the courtyard here, tucked away behind some fencing, we get a glimpse of some ancient white-coloured two-storeyed chambers. These days they are used as store-rooms for the Tretyakov Gallery. In fact the Tretyakov owns all the buildings on the even-numbered side of Lavrushinsky pereulok.
Behind the spruce tree on the opposite side of the street here we see a red-brick building with large arched windows.
Historians suggest that these ancient chambers on Lavrushkinsky pereulok were built during the time of the Streltsy, or Sharpshooter Uprising in the 1680-90s – when many locals had fled the area. In the latter C18th some wine-merchant named Andronov. Members of the First Guild of Merchants, used the chambers as wine-cellars, and considerably expanded the premises. The two-storey mansion with a four-columned Tuscan portico was built in 1821. The chambers have been used since 1994 as the premises of the Security Guard service of the Tretyakov Gallery.
The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.
During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.
There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.
Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.
Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.
With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.