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There are two houses on the odd side of Piatnitskaya street, the Nos.27 and 29; they are former sidewings of one of the mansions that belonged to the rich Zhuravlev merchants. There’s virtually nothing left of this gem of the Zamoskvorechie area. The block has seen plenty of reconstructions. There is a wine shop called “Spotykach” (the Stumbler) located on the ground floor of the two-storey building at No.27
Nos.27 and 29 on Piatnitskaya street are the sidewings of one of the mansions owned by Zhuravlev merchants. The buildings were constructed in 1859. The main building of the early 18th-century mansion used to stand in the back of the site, close to the modern tram route. It was knocked down in the mid-20th century. The sidewings endured, however, and this is why they are of interest to us: they used to guard the entrance gate to the mansion. The walls of the sidewings are angled in such a manner that a trapezium-shaped inner yard is formed, its wider base at the main building, away from the street. Looking from the street one would imagine the house being closer to the gate than it actually was. And when looking over the street from the doorstep of the house, one might find it as being further away and the yard larger than it really was.
The Spotykach (or the Stumbler) wineshop has been operating at No.27 for quite a few years. This Spotykach is an heir to the specialist Vino (or Wine) shop of older times. During the soviet years such outlets sold aged and premium wines. You can find good liqueur here today, too. This is the locals’ favorite wine shop, and the connoisseurs from all over Moscow frequent it as well. You can buy elite alcohol from all the world destinations for adequate prices. There is even slivovitsa (a type of plum-based brandy), 80%-alcohol containing rum, or the Portuguese Vino Verde. The shop assistants seem to have time-travelled here back from the Soviet era, but they are friendly and chatty.
The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.
During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.
There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.
Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.
Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.
With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.