--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
Stand with your back to the fountain, facing Piatnitskaya street: you’ll see two buildings in front of you on the even side of Piatnitskaya. The house with a colonnade is a former mansion of the 18th century. And a tall beige building at No.20 with a huge vase on the top in the center of the façade to the left of it is an apartment house of the early 20th century.
The empire-style building at No.18 with a six-column portico is part of the former 18th-century mansion. It once belonged to the Demidov family of factory owners, and their lastname is among the most famous in Russia. After the Napoleon fires of 1812 the house was rebuilt by the chief architect of postwar Moscow – Osip Bovée.
There are stucco ornaments on the walls between the columns. Decorations of this kind were batch-produced and sold in the markets; that is why you can technically see the very same ones on different houses of the same period. John Vostorgov resided here; he was the prior of Saint Basil’s Cathedral. He proclaimed his dislike for the soviet regime in his sermons, he spoke actively and openly about the usurpers’ reign. Despite the intercession of many muscovites he was shot in 1918. This was the first execution in the endless process of clergy extermination.
Make sure that you visit the No.18’s inner yard – and that you go through the beautiful gate. It was built at the same time as the house itself, in the 18th century. In the back of the yard you will see a red-brick building – it is the house of Saint Clement’s temple clergy of the parish. Today it houses a parochial school. To the left of the entrance there is a fantastic postcard view of the magnificent red temple of Saint Clement.
When you exit the yard back onto Piatnitskaya street, you cannot help but notice the huge abutments of the building. Abutments are specific vertical structures that protrude from the bearing wall and serve to reinforce it. Unfortunately, these engineering ideas don’t seem to be working, as the building is all covered in cracks – there are various complex communication lines and underground tunnels right underneath it.
The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.
During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.
There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.
Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.
Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.
With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.