--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
Just like back in the day, the long façade of the “Gastronom” grocery store stretches along Serafimovich Street with its “Meat & Fish” department in the basement and the rest of the goods sold on the first floor. This store is perfectly functional as of today. You can see a small Special Canteen café next to one of the arches; this is a peculiar salutation from the times of so-called “developed socialism”. It must be admitted that the house had no such special canteen; but for a Russian person this name is an immediate throwback to the soviet past. Party professionals were the very top of the social elite, as opposed to regular party members (and we won’t even mention those who were not party-affiliated!). They received state benefits, including access to goods sold in special distribution centers that were of much higher quality than those available in regular stores.
The courtyards of the House On The Embankment are very picturesque. Let’s make our way in between all these parked cars and go 75 years back in time. There’s everybody’s favourite guy, the top-notch professional pilot Valery Chkalov rolling up to Entrance 2 – it is the so-called “arctic dudes entrance”. He’s visiting his arctic pilot friends. The kids are already all over his car, since they have never seen one that chic. Oh, and there’s Alexey Rykov, a Bolshevik with a face suited for pre-revolutionary intelligentsia, one of the creators of the House On The Embankment – and of the system that is soon to swallow him…
The very back yard of the House On The Embankment used to keep a snow-melting system before the war. This courtyard can lead you out to Bersenevskaya Embankment, right to the place where a special pier for the Amphibia aircraft was designed. So it seems that Moscow river used to be a take-off and landing strip in the area. A few years ago the Yellow Submarine emerged from the waters; it held music festivals, such as “The street of the apple years – an aftersound of the Beatles concert”. The festival has long been considered one of the brightest summer events the capital has to offer.
The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.
During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.
There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.
Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.
Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.
With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.