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Golikovsky side-street connects Piatnitskaya street and Klimentovsky side-street. It makes sharp turns twice, bending round the territory of Saint Clement’s Church and soviet writer Nikolay Ostrovsky’s museum. This estate museum is located on Malaya Ordynka street, but its garden can be accessed from Golikovsky side-street.
Back in the day this part of Zamoskvorechie used to be called Goliki, which in Russian stands for “naked”, or “bare”. The origins of the name are unclear. It is possible that the territory was thus denoted after the war with the Poles. In 1612, after multiple battles, the area was indeed burnt down bare. During Peter’s rule the Pokrov church was built in Goliki. Before being demolished in the 1930s, it stood between houses No.10 and 12.
You can see all sorts of different architectural styles in Golikovsky side-street: the wooden house No.9 with a mezzanine is a typical post-1812-fire construction. There are even older buildings: say, the Andreev mansion of late 18th and early 19th century. There is also a glumly-rational constructivist house of the 1930s built for minor merchants – most of them went straight to prison soon after the house was finished, and it got new residents – the employees and officers of NKVD (former KGB).
The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.
During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.
There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.
Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.
Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.
With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.