Bolshoy Kamenny (or Big Stone) Bridge 1

Длительность: 04:17:11
Язык экскурсии: Русский
Автор: Publisher "New book"

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This wide road and pedestrian bridge is called the Bolshoy Kamenny (that is, the Big Stone) Bridge. It spans Moscow River from Alexandrovsky Gardens towards Bolotnaya Square, which itself rests on the artificially constructed Bolotny Island. The Moscow Kremlin stands on the left bank of Moscow River. The Kremlin Embankment winds past the Kremlin Wall. If you look opposite the river, you’ll see the Sophiyskaya (or simply Sophia) and Bersenevskaya Embankments.
There’s a pedestrian crossing leading up to the Boshoy Kamenny Bridge from Alexandrovsky Gardens. A 1960s legacy watch-post for the road patrol wardens can be spotted next to it; it has been nicknamed “the tumbler glass”. It indeed resembles a drinking glass. Posts like this used to be common sight all over Moscow.

The intersection near the Big Stone Bridge is infamous among Moscow’s drivers and motorists. It is always totally jammed with traffic, any time of day or night. Yet this has to do not only with the fact that the traffic lights at this intersection are manually controlled (this helps ensure that the state’s top officials can pass with minimal obstruction). The traffic jams are also caused by the three major traffic streams that all meet here, coming from the Kremlin Embankment, Bolshaya Polianka Street and Prechistenskaya Embankment. It has always been this way since Moscow government re-organized the central traffic and set all the round-the-Kremlin traffic going strictly clockwise.

The length of the Big Stone Bridge totals 487 meters, and it is 40 meters wide. The bridge provides an excellent view of the large grey building that is the Lenin Library, officially called the Russian State Library nowadays. Just before you start scrutinizing the library, make sure you take in the beautiful white mansion with columns and banisters: that is the Pashkov House.

There are a few designated viewpoints on the Bolshoy Kamenny Bridge, should you want to admire the views of the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, the grey so-called House On The Embankment (or the Government Building), Bersenevskaya, Prechistenskaya and Sophiyskaya embankments. Oh, and the Kremlin, of course. It’s also worth noting that the back page of the Russian national passport depicts the Kremlin panorama, as seen from the Big Stone Bridge.

In the end of the 1930s a general city reconstruction plan of 1935 was being implemented in Moscow. Building the Bolshoy Kamenny Bridge across Moscow River also carried certain ideological implications – the new state was to gain foothold through architecture. This bridge replaced an older one, called the All Saints’ Bridge, which used to be slightly further off: it began at the foot of the House On The Embankment and went on to become Lenivka Street, which, in turn, was Moscow’s shortest street at the time.
New bridges were built all over the city in the 1930s, since the river channel named “Moscow – Volga” was introduced into exploitation at the time. Its original name – the Stalin Channel – is no longer used today; it’s been the Moscow Channel since 1947.

In 1924 Yakov Protazanov directed a movie titled Aelita. This silent film is of certain interest today since you can use it to get to know the old Kursky Train Station, the Red Square without the Mausoleum, yet with the famous ‘Worker at his Anvil’ sculpture. The Minin and Pozharsky monument is shown in its original location. And the All Saints’ Bridge is still intact, too, shown from the viewpoint of yet-to-be-blown-to-pieces Cathedral of Christ the Saviour.


Информация по экскурсии "Zamoskvorechye"

The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.

During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.

There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.

Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.

Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.

With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.

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