--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
Take a close look at the six-storey grey building with bay windows. It towers over the neighbouring buildings. To its right is a pink-and-white three-storey building – on the roof over its entrance you see the Russian lettering “DOM L.N.K.”
The grey six-storey building at №9 with bay windows is a former Mansion Apartment-House in the style moderne genre. The decoration has a noble economy of style. The central arch is conjoined by two faceted windows. The windows are strictly rectangular, although the side panels of the bay windows are unglazed. In fact it only appears to be strictly geometric-planned at first glance.
Take a look at a street map and you quickly realise that the grey building at №9 Bolshaya Ordynka is the twin brother of the building jutting out of the facade of Chernigovsky pereulok. Actually№4 Chernigovsky is a little more laconic in style – and there's also the trim, the elegant stucco decoration showing pseudo-classical themes, and the images of goddesses – or are they just attractive women? Both houses were built by one architect – Kapitoly Dulin – for one client, the entrepreneur Neustadt.
In the late C19th there was a partnership named “Dom Neustadt & Co”, formed in the village of Beloomut, or White Pool, in the Lukhovitsky District of Moscow County Region – they made ladies underwear. Just 20 years later Neustadt had struck it rich, and decided to expand into the property business by building two giant rental-apartment mansions. Like most apartment-building owners he also planned his own living quarters within the building, along with his clothing business – and he let the remainder of the apartments. Construction began in 1913, but he hadn't finished the building on Bolshaya Ordynka when the First World War broke out. Things went badly for Neustadt – the frilly undies he manufactured weren't wanted in wartime, and he had no chance to restructure his business to suit wartime needs.
The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.
During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.
There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.
Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.
Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.
With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.