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There's a salad-green-and-white three-storey building on the corner of Bolshaya Ordynka and Bolshoi Tolmachevsky pereulok, which looks towards the metro station across the road – Tretyakovskaya. The ground floor windows have white metal bars.
There's a very large building at No 22, on the corner of Ordynsky Tupik, and facing an Italian restaurant, which was extensively modified in the closing years of the C20th. In fact you'd hardly guess that this building dates from 1817. Back then it was a three-storey building. The property changed hands frequently, and in 1868 ceased being a residential building. A prominent Moscow entrepreneur and philanthropist named Khludov bought the building for the use of the Deaconate of Moscow as an Ikon-Painting School. Towards the end of the C19th the building was also used by the Mariinsky Girl's Devotional College. Girls enrolled at the school to receive a religious education, but competition for places at the school was intense. Girls might enter the school at the age of 10 or 12, and studies continued for 6 years. It was a Boarding School – girls ate, slept and studied here. On matriculating girls were qualified to work as domestic tutors, or as teachers in parish religious schools in Russia.
By some kind of twisted irony the former Girls Church School at №22 became the College of the Red Communards after the 1917 Revolution. In successive years it was then a Workers School, a College for Tailors, an Art School, the Building Committee of the Moscow Police, and finally the Moscow Technical College for Automation and Remote-Control Machinery. For a long time students believed that the building had previously been some kind of Finishing School for Young Ladies, but this wasn't the case – the Girls Church School had been for children of poor families & clergymen, to give their daughters a hope of earning an income to support themselves.
The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.
During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.
There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.
Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.
Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.
With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.