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The grey six-storey building at No.3 with a passable archway on the odd side of Novokuznetskaya street appeared here in the early 20th century. But it only had three floors back then.
The apartment house at 3 Novokuznetskaya street was built by architect Francisco-Antonio Kognovitsky, as commissioned by Robert Broksh, who was at the time the director of Varvarinsky joint-stock company of house builders. This entrepreneur is most famous for being the founder of the large Khudozhestvenny cinema early in the last century that is located on the Arbatsky Gate square. The society was busy building and managing the most prestigious houses in Moscow. Its director could sure afford building himself his own house. In the 1930s the building was topsided by three more floors.
You can imagine what the apartment house’s original exterior was like by looking at the balconies with intricate trelliswork, pilasters, reliefed panels and stucco ornaments – these are all elements of the modernist style. And the 1930s lent the house a decoration in the form of the “Strengthening the USSR defence” emblem, which indicated that all of the house’s residents had passed the chemical defence skill exams.
The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.
During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.
There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.
Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.
Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.
With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.