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The long light-blue two-storey building we see opposite the Smirnov Premises - on the even-numbered side of the street – was formerly the premises of the Mescherin family of industrialists. Today the building is the offices of the Moscow Regional Chamber Theatre, and premises of the State Symphonic Capella of Russia.
The long C19th building at No. 2 extends along the even-numbered side of the street as far as Chernigovsky Lane. It once belonged to the founder of the Danilovskaya Factory, Vassily Mescherin. At the turn of the C20th the building housed one of the very first cinemas in Moscow – or, as it was titled back then, Beloyartseva's Electrical Theatre on Pyatnitskaya Street. Early in the C20th the cinema changed hands, becoming Hechtmann's Grand Parisian-Pyatnitskaya Electric Theatre. It remained a cinema into the soviet era, when it was renamed once again, this time being called the Dawn Cinema.
Mescherin – the industrialist for whom the house was first built – had an elder son who became a moderately successful artist. Six of his canvases now hang in the Tretyakov Gallery. It's not surprising that from 1917 to 1930 the building also became to the brothers Igor & Vladimir Grabari. Vladimir went on to become a famous consultant on international law, while Igor was both a painter and an art critic.
The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.
During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.
There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.
Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.
Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.
With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.