--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
This white two-storey building looks like a true live dinosaur in a standard zoo. See how deeply it grew into the ground? There’s even stairs leading down to the ground floor, which is not surprising at all because the house had been built in the end of the 17th century. Some scientist think that it was here where the tanners and yarn maker lived at those times. Back then the building was considered innovatory: it has a four-edged roof with equal sides, as well as wide windows – wider than in pre-Petrine Moscow. See those window guards? This was also an innovation from Europe.
Quite a big settlement of free artisans called Ovchinnaya („sheepskin“), that included 103 homesteads, appeared in Zamoskvorechye in the 17th century. Its inhabitants provided wool and sheepskins for the tsar’s court. The tanning industry disappeared here long ago – what’s left is the names of the embankment and a couple of lanes: Bolshoy (“big”) Ovchinnikovsky and Sredny (“middle”) Ovchinnikovsky. There used to be also Maly (“small”) Ovchinnikovsky lane, but it’s no longer there. The word “ovchina”, which gave names to these lanes, means sheepskin or wool. Besides, there is Runovsky lane. „Runo“ means wool removed from a single sheep as one piece.
The territories of historical district Zamoskvorechye lie on the right (southern) bank of the Moskva River. They joined Moscow in the 14th century when Russian lands used to suffer from the Golden Horde raids. The settlers mainly were soldiers, handicraftsmen and merchants. Their life was organized in a patchwork sloboda system. In 1591-1592 during the reign of Feodor I the fortified wall on the site of the present-day Garden Ring was built. Even now, one can easily understand from the street names what occupation the residents had centuries ago. For example, royal garden attendants (садовники, sadovniki) settled in the beginning of present-day Sadovnicheskaya Street from 1495 until the fire of 1701; tanners specializing in sheepskin (oвчинники, ovchinniki) gave their name to Ovchinnikovsky Lanes; royal mint workers (монетчики, monetchiki) – to Monetchikovsky Lanes, Court translators (толмачи, tolmachi) to Tolmachevsky Lanes. Bolshaya Ordynka Street was named after Orda, was the road to the Golden Horde, and was initially home to the Tatar community.
During our tour we are going to tell you about famous historic buildings in Pyatnitskaya Street, the main walking street of the district. We will walk around the State Tretyakov Gallery and listen to the story about the Tretyakovs, famous Russian businessmen, collectors and patrons of art, and the history of their collection and Gallery building.
There is also the house and museum of another famous Russian businessman and patron of art - Bakhrushin museum of theater, built in 1896.
Famous Russian writer Alexander Ostrovsky also lived in Zamoskvorechye, in Malaya Ordynka street. If you like his works you can visit his house-museum.
Zamoskvorechye is famous for its churches: Church of St. Sophia Of God's Wisdom on Gardener's Island and its belfry, Church of St. George the Victorious in Endova, The Church of the Ikon “the Joy of All Who Suffer”, The Church of St Nicholas at Pyzhakh, etc. Each of them has its own history and mystery.
With Your Audio Guide you will go through all the streets and lanes, get familiar with some interesting yards, explore the legends and myths and find out the truth. You will relax on the benches of Bolotnaya square; take pictures of the Kremlin domes, Giant Peter the Great statue, river embankments, learn about the former Mamontov Hotel and super deluxe Balchug-Kempinsky.