--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
The weird-looking massive white building on the odd-numbered side of Prechistenka St. stands out among other houses. This is the 17th century residential chambers. Today it houses the Department of cultural heritage of Moscow.
The White Chambers are built with very big bricks. The width of the walls is more than one meter, so here you can see with your own eyes what the Russian saying “my house – my fortress” really means. Not many know that there are only about a dozen buildings of this kind left in Moscow, but not all of them can be easily spotted on the city streets, as they often hide in the mansion courtyards, surrounded by houses built in the following years.
The building of the White Chambers demonstrates the way a house was organized in the 17th century. You may want to pay attention to the small windows and their cases: despite the size of the windows, it’s quite light inside. It is achieved by a construction trick – small windows are decorated with specially shaped vaulted niches. When whitewashed, these niches, together with window jambs widened towards inside, function as screens for the light. The most interesting in the building’s construction is its cloistered vaults in many rooms. If you have some spare time you can enter the building and see it all – the exhibition hall of the Department of cultural heritage can be visited free of charge.
The White Chambers belonged to a duke called Boris Prozorovsky in the C18th. Starting from 1672 the duke served at the court, and then became a courtier of prince Fyodor Alexeevich, the elder brother of Peter I. Prozorovsky was a military commander in Novgorod, a participant of the high assembly of Moscow in 1698, and he was also in charge of the Armoury.
The White Chambers became famous in 2009 due to a sad event. An advocate Stanislav Markelov and a journalist Anastasia Baburova were murdered right in front of the building in broad daylight. The case is still not solved. There are their portraits and flowers on the stairs of the Chambers.
The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is a cathedral on the northern bank of the Moskva River, a few blocks southwest of the Kremlin. With an overall height of 103 metres it is the tallest Orthodox Christian church in the world.
The current church is the second to stand on this site. The original church, built during the 19th century, took more than 40 years to build. It was destroyed in 1931 during the Communist rule of Joseph Stalin. The demolition was supposed to make way for a colossal Palace of the Soviets that was never built, so the church was reconstructed in the 1990s on the same site.
The Cathedral is located on Volkhonka Street, which starts from Borovitskaya Square. The name of the street appeared at the end of the XVIII century when on the lands of the Volkonskis, a famous noble family was a popular tavern "Volkhonka". The street is one of the most ancient in Moscow. It was famous as a district for the rich.
This district is going to become Moscow Museum District. During the tour you will see and have the opportunity to visit a number of art museums: The Tsvetkovsky Gallery, The Ilya Glazunov Art Gallery, The Lopukhin Family Mansion (aka the Roerich Museum), Gallery of European and American Art of the C19th and C20th, The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, The Museum of Private Collections. While walking here you will understand why Moscow used to be accepted as a beautiful jewelry box. In the lanes you will discover old mansions and fall in love with stories of Russian noble families. Such are The Golitsyn Mansion, The Lopukhin Family Mansion, Obolonsky's Mansion, Sergey Tretyakov's Mansion etc. The Chambers of Averky Kirillov - a unique example of a large urban homestead. Chambers, Church of St. Nicholas and outbuildings along the waterfront are a single architectural complex.
Another bright example of Moscow architecture is Pertsova's Rental Apartment Mansions. The house was an apartment house, located on the corner of Soymonovsky passage and Prechistenskaya embankment, built in 1905-1907 by architects N. Zhukov and B.N. Shnaubert on sketches of the artist S.V. Malyutin, author of Russian nesting dolls. The house includes apartments and artists' studios in the upper attic of the building.