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Vsekhvsyatsky, or All Saints Street & its small square, is a little street between Volkhonka and Prechistenskaya Embankment, and takes its name from a former Church Of All Saints which once stood here. Even though the church itself was torn down in the 1930s, the street-name was left. The attractive gardens around the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour run right up to All Saints Street – it's a favourite place for a stroll.
This square appeared here only after the building of the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour. In 1912 it was decided to place a monument to Tsar Alexander III here – the father of then-reigning Tsar Nicholas II, and during whose reign the Cathedral had, at last, been consecrated. The sculptor was Opekushin – the same artist who had made the Pushkin statue on Pushkin Square. The balustrades and decorative stairway were all installed here as part of the monument's surroundings. The 100th Anniversary of the 1812 Victory provided a convenient reason for the statue's installation, and the grand ceremony which accompanied its unveiling.
It had originally been intended that a Museum of the 1812 Campaign would be opened not far from the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, on Volkhonka and near the Pushkin Museum. The statue of Alexander III was to have been a part of the architectural ensemble of this patriotically-themed complex. However, soon after the new Soviet Government moved to Moscow from St Petersburg, the memorial to Alexander III was destroyed.
The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is a cathedral on the northern bank of the Moskva River, a few blocks southwest of the Kremlin. With an overall height of 103 metres it is the tallest Orthodox Christian church in the world.
The current church is the second to stand on this site. The original church, built during the 19th century, took more than 40 years to build. It was destroyed in 1931 during the Communist rule of Joseph Stalin. The demolition was supposed to make way for a colossal Palace of the Soviets that was never built, so the church was reconstructed in the 1990s on the same site.
The Cathedral is located on Volkhonka Street, which starts from Borovitskaya Square. The name of the street appeared at the end of the XVIII century when on the lands of the Volkonskis, a famous noble family was a popular tavern "Volkhonka". The street is one of the most ancient in Moscow. It was famous as a district for the rich.
This district is going to become Moscow Museum District. During the tour you will see and have the opportunity to visit a number of art museums: The Tsvetkovsky Gallery, The Ilya Glazunov Art Gallery, The Lopukhin Family Mansion (aka the Roerich Museum), Gallery of European and American Art of the C19th and C20th, The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, The Museum of Private Collections. While walking here you will understand why Moscow used to be accepted as a beautiful jewelry box. In the lanes you will discover old mansions and fall in love with stories of Russian noble families. Such are The Golitsyn Mansion, The Lopukhin Family Mansion, Obolonsky's Mansion, Sergey Tretyakov's Mansion etc. The Chambers of Averky Kirillov - a unique example of a large urban homestead. Chambers, Church of St. Nicholas and outbuildings along the waterfront are a single architectural complex.
Another bright example of Moscow architecture is Pertsova's Rental Apartment Mansions. The house was an apartment house, located on the corner of Soymonovsky passage and Prechistenskaya embankment, built in 1905-1907 by architects N. Zhukov and B.N. Shnaubert on sketches of the artist S.V. Malyutin, author of Russian nesting dolls. The house includes apartments and artists' studios in the upper attic of the building.