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When the bridge was being built, it was called Kruzhevnoy (“lacy“), because of the shape of its railing, as well as the ornamental decoration of the inside part of the arch. However, people often called it Patriarshy bridge (“Patriarch's”), which after the death of the patriarch Alexei II became it’s official name. The bridge was renamed in his memory, as you can read on a special plate located at the entrance to the bridge, the one on Prechistenskaya Embankment.
The centre of the bridge is risen high above the island.
A special platform was built in the place where the central part of the bridge crosses Moskvoretskaya Embankment. Underneath the bridge there is a parking with its ventilation outlets built into the bridge, they are hidden among flowerbeds with violets. It’s a great place to take a stroll in the evening: not only can you watch the sunset over Moscow, but you can also enjoy a unique romantic atmosphere created by the unusual illumination. It’s as if the light comes from everywhere – there are glowing circles on the ground, as well as illuminated railings. The high-rise building on Smolenskaya Square, the Kremlin, the gray infamous House On The Embankment, the domes of the Church of St. Nicholas in Bersenevka – all these can be seen very well from up here.
The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is a cathedral on the northern bank of the Moskva River, a few blocks southwest of the Kremlin. With an overall height of 103 metres it is the tallest Orthodox Christian church in the world.
The current church is the second to stand on this site. The original church, built during the 19th century, took more than 40 years to build. It was destroyed in 1931 during the Communist rule of Joseph Stalin. The demolition was supposed to make way for a colossal Palace of the Soviets that was never built, so the church was reconstructed in the 1990s on the same site.
The Cathedral is located on Volkhonka Street, which starts from Borovitskaya Square. The name of the street appeared at the end of the XVIII century when on the lands of the Volkonskis, a famous noble family was a popular tavern "Volkhonka". The street is one of the most ancient in Moscow. It was famous as a district for the rich.
This district is going to become Moscow Museum District. During the tour you will see and have the opportunity to visit a number of art museums: The Tsvetkovsky Gallery, The Ilya Glazunov Art Gallery, The Lopukhin Family Mansion (aka the Roerich Museum), Gallery of European and American Art of the C19th and C20th, The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, The Museum of Private Collections. While walking here you will understand why Moscow used to be accepted as a beautiful jewelry box. In the lanes you will discover old mansions and fall in love with stories of Russian noble families. Such are The Golitsyn Mansion, The Lopukhin Family Mansion, Obolonsky's Mansion, Sergey Tretyakov's Mansion etc. The Chambers of Averky Kirillov - a unique example of a large urban homestead. Chambers, Church of St. Nicholas and outbuildings along the waterfront are a single architectural complex.
Another bright example of Moscow architecture is Pertsova's Rental Apartment Mansions. The house was an apartment house, located on the corner of Soymonovsky passage and Prechistenskaya embankment, built in 1905-1907 by architects N. Zhukov and B.N. Shnaubert on sketches of the artist S.V. Malyutin, author of Russian nesting dolls. The house includes apartments and artists' studios in the upper attic of the building.