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The pink building on the even-numbered side of Volkhonka, almost at the crossroads with the boulevard, is the Vinogradov Institute of Russian Language.
The Institute of Russian Language first appeared on these premises after 1917, when the former premises of the Grammar School For Boys were given to the Academy of Sciences of the USSR – and the Academy decided to house the Russian Language Institute here. It was a very strict and serious institution.
In the C19th the building had housed the first Grammar School for Boys, and in the adjacent building were the private apartments of the Headmaster. During the 1830s the Headmaster was Mr Okulov, whose wife was the sister of one of Pushkin's close friends. We know that on Pushkin's last visit to Moscow, before he was killed in a duel, the poet paid a visit to Mr Okulov at his apartment here. This building is one of the few in Moscow which saw the great poet shortly before he was killed.
In the mid-C19th the building now housing the Russian Language Institute used to offer courses by Guerrier – the first Moscow institution which offered higher education to women, especially those who wished to pursue careers in medicine, physics or philology.
The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is a cathedral on the northern bank of the Moskva River, a few blocks southwest of the Kremlin. With an overall height of 103 metres it is the tallest Orthodox Christian church in the world.
The current church is the second to stand on this site. The original church, built during the 19th century, took more than 40 years to build. It was destroyed in 1931 during the Communist rule of Joseph Stalin. The demolition was supposed to make way for a colossal Palace of the Soviets that was never built, so the church was reconstructed in the 1990s on the same site.
The Cathedral is located on Volkhonka Street, which starts from Borovitskaya Square. The name of the street appeared at the end of the XVIII century when on the lands of the Volkonskis, a famous noble family was a popular tavern "Volkhonka". The street is one of the most ancient in Moscow. It was famous as a district for the rich.
This district is going to become Moscow Museum District. During the tour you will see and have the opportunity to visit a number of art museums: The Tsvetkovsky Gallery, The Ilya Glazunov Art Gallery, The Lopukhin Family Mansion (aka the Roerich Museum), Gallery of European and American Art of the C19th and C20th, The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, The Museum of Private Collections. While walking here you will understand why Moscow used to be accepted as a beautiful jewelry box. In the lanes you will discover old mansions and fall in love with stories of Russian noble families. Such are The Golitsyn Mansion, The Lopukhin Family Mansion, Obolonsky's Mansion, Sergey Tretyakov's Mansion etc. The Chambers of Averky Kirillov - a unique example of a large urban homestead. Chambers, Church of St. Nicholas and outbuildings along the waterfront are a single architectural complex.
Another bright example of Moscow architecture is Pertsova's Rental Apartment Mansions. The house was an apartment house, located on the corner of Soymonovsky passage and Prechistenskaya embankment, built in 1905-1907 by architects N. Zhukov and B.N. Shnaubert on sketches of the artist S.V. Malyutin, author of Russian nesting dolls. The house includes apartments and artists' studios in the upper attic of the building.