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You get a better view of the medallions and decorative relief work if you move back towards the pedestrian Patriarch’s Bridge nearby. Atop the facade we see a large arch in the middle, with an image of the Blessed Virgin of Smolensk – created in memory of the victory at the Battle of Borodino on August 26th 1812.
On either side of the image of the Blessed Virgin of Smolensk there are four smaller arches displaying the images of saints. From left to right we see the image of St.Roman of Ryazan, celebrating the Battle of Klyastitsy on July 19th 1812; the image of St Thomas the Apostle, dedicated to the Battles of Polotsk and Tarutina on October 6th, 1812; the image of St John the Baptist, in honour of the Battle of Maloyroslavets on October 12th 1812, and finally the image of St Jonah, Archibishop of Novgorod, in honour of the Battle of Krasny Village on the 5th of November 1812.
There's a central sculptural tableau over the main gates on the facade, which is titled “The Appearance of the Archangel Michael to Joshua”. By the arches of the smaller gates there are sculptural illustrations of Moses and Miriam to the left, while to the right of the central arches we find Barak and Deborah depicted.
The window arches are decorated with the figures of St.Varlaam Khutinsky, in memory of the Battle of Krasny Village on 5th November 1812, and the Holy Prince Gavril of Pskov, to the right. To the left we see St.Anthony and St.Theodosius of the Caverns.
At the corners of the Southern Facade of the Cathedral there are sculptures – on the right, “Abraham and his host, returning after victory over the kings, is met by Melchizedek”, and on the left “David is greeted by a crowd of women after his victory over Goliath”. Both these sculptures symbolize the return of Emperor Alexander I to Moscow after his victory over Napoleon – when he was greeted as a victor and bringer of peace.
The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is a cathedral on the northern bank of the Moskva River, a few blocks southwest of the Kremlin. With an overall height of 103 metres it is the tallest Orthodox Christian church in the world.
The current church is the second to stand on this site. The original church, built during the 19th century, took more than 40 years to build. It was destroyed in 1931 during the Communist rule of Joseph Stalin. The demolition was supposed to make way for a colossal Palace of the Soviets that was never built, so the church was reconstructed in the 1990s on the same site.
The Cathedral is located on Volkhonka Street, which starts from Borovitskaya Square. The name of the street appeared at the end of the XVIII century when on the lands of the Volkonskis, a famous noble family was a popular tavern "Volkhonka". The street is one of the most ancient in Moscow. It was famous as a district for the rich.
This district is going to become Moscow Museum District. During the tour you will see and have the opportunity to visit a number of art museums: The Tsvetkovsky Gallery, The Ilya Glazunov Art Gallery, The Lopukhin Family Mansion (aka the Roerich Museum), Gallery of European and American Art of the C19th and C20th, The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, The Museum of Private Collections. While walking here you will understand why Moscow used to be accepted as a beautiful jewelry box. In the lanes you will discover old mansions and fall in love with stories of Russian noble families. Such are The Golitsyn Mansion, The Lopukhin Family Mansion, Obolonsky's Mansion, Sergey Tretyakov's Mansion etc. The Chambers of Averky Kirillov - a unique example of a large urban homestead. Chambers, Church of St. Nicholas and outbuildings along the waterfront are a single architectural complex.
Another bright example of Moscow architecture is Pertsova's Rental Apartment Mansions. The house was an apartment house, located on the corner of Soymonovsky passage and Prechistenskaya embankment, built in 1905-1907 by architects N. Zhukov and B.N. Shnaubert on sketches of the artist S.V. Malyutin, author of Russian nesting dolls. The house includes apartments and artists' studios in the upper attic of the building.