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In the right corner of the North-Western side of the Cathedral we find a sculptural tableau named “David and the gathering of Nobles give plans of the Temple to King Solomon”. this relief-work sculpture recalls to our minds Tsar Alexander I's vow to build a cathedral. In the left corner we see another scene - “The anointing of Solomon as King”. In the arch-window portals we see further scenes - “The Archangel Jegudiel with a crown in his hands”, “The Archangel Barachiel with a flower in his hand”, “The Archangel Gabriel with a lily in his hands”, and “The Archangel Uriel with a flame in his hand”.
In the 1930s the soviet government hatched a plan to replace the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour with a vast construction to be called The Palace Of The Soviets. The cathedral was rased to clear the site – but work on the new building was halted by the outbreak of WW2. Only the foundations of the Palace were ever completed. The task of reparing the ravages of war was prioritised once peace was restored, and the project was frozen. By 1960 it was clear the Palace would never be built, and the existing foundations were used to build an outdoor swimming pool instead. The swimming pool was hugely popular, as can readily be understood – a huge pool right in the centre of Moscow, with spectacular views all around!
The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is a cathedral on the northern bank of the Moskva River, a few blocks southwest of the Kremlin. With an overall height of 103 metres it is the tallest Orthodox Christian church in the world.
The current church is the second to stand on this site. The original church, built during the 19th century, took more than 40 years to build. It was destroyed in 1931 during the Communist rule of Joseph Stalin. The demolition was supposed to make way for a colossal Palace of the Soviets that was never built, so the church was reconstructed in the 1990s on the same site.
The Cathedral is located on Volkhonka Street, which starts from Borovitskaya Square. The name of the street appeared at the end of the XVIII century when on the lands of the Volkonskis, a famous noble family was a popular tavern "Volkhonka". The street is one of the most ancient in Moscow. It was famous as a district for the rich.
This district is going to become Moscow Museum District. During the tour you will see and have the opportunity to visit a number of art museums: The Tsvetkovsky Gallery, The Ilya Glazunov Art Gallery, The Lopukhin Family Mansion (aka the Roerich Museum), Gallery of European and American Art of the C19th and C20th, The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, The Museum of Private Collections. While walking here you will understand why Moscow used to be accepted as a beautiful jewelry box. In the lanes you will discover old mansions and fall in love with stories of Russian noble families. Such are The Golitsyn Mansion, The Lopukhin Family Mansion, Obolonsky's Mansion, Sergey Tretyakov's Mansion etc. The Chambers of Averky Kirillov - a unique example of a large urban homestead. Chambers, Church of St. Nicholas and outbuildings along the waterfront are a single architectural complex.
Another bright example of Moscow architecture is Pertsova's Rental Apartment Mansions. The house was an apartment house, located on the corner of Soymonovsky passage and Prechistenskaya embankment, built in 1905-1907 by architects N. Zhukov and B.N. Shnaubert on sketches of the artist S.V. Malyutin, author of Russian nesting dolls. The house includes apartments and artists' studios in the upper attic of the building.