--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
On the opposite river bank you see can one of six islands of Moscow, Sadovnichesky Island. In fact, this island is artificial. It appeared in the end of the C18th when they were digging the Water Overflow Canal.
In ancient times this area was called Sadovniki (or Gardeners). Starting from the end of the C15th tsar’s gardens were located here, opposite Kremlin. To your left you can see a huge building – it is the House On The Embankment, also called ‘the bloody castle’. In front of this infamous building, behind the trees, the crosses of the Church of St.Nicholas in Bersenevka shine in the sun. Right next to it there are ancient chambers that look like a fairy-tail palace. The chimneys of the MOGES-2 city power plant can be well seen a bit further behind the chambers. It was built in the very beginning of the C20th to supply Moscow tram lines with electricity.
The brick buildings of the “Red October” confectionery are stretched along the embankment of Sadovnichesky island. Up until recently it always smelled like chocolate here. But a couple of years ago the plant was relocated and its building reconstructed for different purposes. Today there’s a whole bunch of exhibition halls, galleries, photostudios, relatively cheap backpackers, as well as restaurants, bars and night clubs here, all of which attract a great number of young people. This whole trendy area is called ART-strelka (“art-spit”). Behind the plant building you can see a small house with a tower. It is a former yacht club on Strelka, i.e. on the confluence of the Moscow-River and the Water Overflow Canal. The view is closed by the enormous monument to Peter I.
The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is a cathedral on the northern bank of the Moskva River, a few blocks southwest of the Kremlin. With an overall height of 103 metres it is the tallest Orthodox Christian church in the world.
The current church is the second to stand on this site. The original church, built during the 19th century, took more than 40 years to build. It was destroyed in 1931 during the Communist rule of Joseph Stalin. The demolition was supposed to make way for a colossal Palace of the Soviets that was never built, so the church was reconstructed in the 1990s on the same site.
The Cathedral is located on Volkhonka Street, which starts from Borovitskaya Square. The name of the street appeared at the end of the XVIII century when on the lands of the Volkonskis, a famous noble family was a popular tavern "Volkhonka". The street is one of the most ancient in Moscow. It was famous as a district for the rich.
This district is going to become Moscow Museum District. During the tour you will see and have the opportunity to visit a number of art museums: The Tsvetkovsky Gallery, The Ilya Glazunov Art Gallery, The Lopukhin Family Mansion (aka the Roerich Museum), Gallery of European and American Art of the C19th and C20th, The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, The Museum of Private Collections. While walking here you will understand why Moscow used to be accepted as a beautiful jewelry box. In the lanes you will discover old mansions and fall in love with stories of Russian noble families. Such are The Golitsyn Mansion, The Lopukhin Family Mansion, Obolonsky's Mansion, Sergey Tretyakov's Mansion etc. The Chambers of Averky Kirillov - a unique example of a large urban homestead. Chambers, Church of St. Nicholas and outbuildings along the waterfront are a single architectural complex.
Another bright example of Moscow architecture is Pertsova's Rental Apartment Mansions. The house was an apartment house, located on the corner of Soymonovsky passage and Prechistenskaya embankment, built in 1905-1907 by architects N. Zhukov and B.N. Shnaubert on sketches of the artist S.V. Malyutin, author of Russian nesting dolls. The house includes apartments and artists' studios in the upper attic of the building.