--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
The small brick building in Gothic style here looks like it should be yet another mansion building. And in fact it's now used by the Visa Section of the Swiss Embassy. But it was originally built as a water pumping station.
As a red-brick building in Gothic style, built in the C19th, this structure has proved very suitable for the Visa Section of the Swiss Embassy – even though it was in fact built as a water pumping station. This is the kind of ability Russian businessmen and architects have! They built an ordinary water-pumping station to look like a mansion. From the outset it was intended to pump water to the Sandunovsky Russian Baths. The Sandunovsky Baths are the finest in Moscow, and resemble a Roman Emperor's palace – but they are some way from here on Neglinnaya Street, while the water had to be pumped from here. The owner of the Sandunovsky Baths, Vera Firsanova, was involved in rebuilding the Baths at the end of the C19th, and this pumping station was part of the new plans. Freudenberg, the architect for the remodeled Baths complex, was also engaged to design the pumping station too.
The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is a cathedral on the northern bank of the Moskva River, a few blocks southwest of the Kremlin. With an overall height of 103 metres it is the tallest Orthodox Christian church in the world.
The current church is the second to stand on this site. The original church, built during the 19th century, took more than 40 years to build. It was destroyed in 1931 during the Communist rule of Joseph Stalin. The demolition was supposed to make way for a colossal Palace of the Soviets that was never built, so the church was reconstructed in the 1990s on the same site.
The Cathedral is located on Volkhonka Street, which starts from Borovitskaya Square. The name of the street appeared at the end of the XVIII century when on the lands of the Volkonskis, a famous noble family was a popular tavern "Volkhonka". The street is one of the most ancient in Moscow. It was famous as a district for the rich.
This district is going to become Moscow Museum District. During the tour you will see and have the opportunity to visit a number of art museums: The Tsvetkovsky Gallery, The Ilya Glazunov Art Gallery, The Lopukhin Family Mansion (aka the Roerich Museum), Gallery of European and American Art of the C19th and C20th, The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, The Museum of Private Collections. While walking here you will understand why Moscow used to be accepted as a beautiful jewelry box. In the lanes you will discover old mansions and fall in love with stories of Russian noble families. Such are The Golitsyn Mansion, The Lopukhin Family Mansion, Obolonsky's Mansion, Sergey Tretyakov's Mansion etc. The Chambers of Averky Kirillov - a unique example of a large urban homestead. Chambers, Church of St. Nicholas and outbuildings along the waterfront are a single architectural complex.
Another bright example of Moscow architecture is Pertsova's Rental Apartment Mansions. The house was an apartment house, located on the corner of Soymonovsky passage and Prechistenskaya embankment, built in 1905-1907 by architects N. Zhukov and B.N. Shnaubert on sketches of the artist S.V. Malyutin, author of Russian nesting dolls. The house includes apartments and artists' studios in the upper attic of the building.