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The houses No. 2 and 4 in the beginning of Prechistenka Street are of special interest. They look as if it was one house divided into two, as they stand so close to one another. One building houses now a gourmet restaurant called “Kruazh”, in another one there’s a shoe store. It is still possible to see the border between the 2 houses if you find the frieze interruption on the ground floor next to the drain pipe. Behind the restaurant you can see a yellow three-storey building with white ornamental décor – this is a store of Orthodox goods by “Sofrino” factory. There is also a pharmacy there.
The houses No. 2 and 4 on Prechistenka Street were built in the end of the C18th as one big house. Back then it was a two-storey building with stores on the ground floor. Later the house was purchased and rebuilt by a famous Moscow baker called Philippov, the progenitor of the entire dynasty of Moscow bakers. In this house he opened one of his bakeries. There is an old anecdote about Philippov, who also used to supply the tsar’s court with bread. Allegedly, the tsar once bit on a bun and found a baked cockroach inside. The furious tsar ordered to bring the baker to him. When asked “What is this supposed to mean?”, the witty baker said “This is a raisin!”. And this is how the raisin buns appeared. Till now no-one can say for sure whether is a true story.
Philippov’s bread was extremely popular. Due to a special recipe, the dough could be frozen and then delievered to different cities. Nowadays Philippov’s business is partly restored in Moscow. You can try the famous bread in the coffee-house on Tverskaya Street called “Philippov’s bakery”.
Building No. 4 on Prechistenka Street houses a gourmet restaurant “Kruazh”. Its guests will be impressed not only by the restaurant’s cuisine, but also by its interior design à la C19th with many hand-made elements. Curiously enough, everything is made out of modern materials, but they managed to create a truly authentic atmosphere of antiquity and refinement. Besides, the restaurant is famous for its wonderful views on the Cathedral of Christ the Savior.
The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is a cathedral on the northern bank of the Moskva River, a few blocks southwest of the Kremlin. With an overall height of 103 metres it is the tallest Orthodox Christian church in the world.
The current church is the second to stand on this site. The original church, built during the 19th century, took more than 40 years to build. It was destroyed in 1931 during the Communist rule of Joseph Stalin. The demolition was supposed to make way for a colossal Palace of the Soviets that was never built, so the church was reconstructed in the 1990s on the same site.
The Cathedral is located on Volkhonka Street, which starts from Borovitskaya Square. The name of the street appeared at the end of the XVIII century when on the lands of the Volkonskis, a famous noble family was a popular tavern "Volkhonka". The street is one of the most ancient in Moscow. It was famous as a district for the rich.
This district is going to become Moscow Museum District. During the tour you will see and have the opportunity to visit a number of art museums: The Tsvetkovsky Gallery, The Ilya Glazunov Art Gallery, The Lopukhin Family Mansion (aka the Roerich Museum), Gallery of European and American Art of the C19th and C20th, The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, The Museum of Private Collections. While walking here you will understand why Moscow used to be accepted as a beautiful jewelry box. In the lanes you will discover old mansions and fall in love with stories of Russian noble families. Such are The Golitsyn Mansion, The Lopukhin Family Mansion, Obolonsky's Mansion, Sergey Tretyakov's Mansion etc. The Chambers of Averky Kirillov - a unique example of a large urban homestead. Chambers, Church of St. Nicholas and outbuildings along the waterfront are a single architectural complex.
Another bright example of Moscow architecture is Pertsova's Rental Apartment Mansions. The house was an apartment house, located on the corner of Soymonovsky passage and Prechistenskaya embankment, built in 1905-1907 by architects N. Zhukov and B.N. Shnaubert on sketches of the artist S.V. Malyutin, author of Russian nesting dolls. The house includes apartments and artists' studios in the upper attic of the building.