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Prechistenka Street was a road that the tsar used to take to the Novodevichy Monastery in order visit one of the Russian shrines, the Miracle-Working Icon of the Most-Pure Virgin. In the beginning the street was called differently: Chertorie, Chertolie, Chertolskaya – after the Brook Chertory that used to run here at those times. Only in 1658 the street was renamed to Prechistenka. It’s interesting that the street that used to have the word “chyort” (“devil”) in its name, got a godly name of Prechistaya Deva (“the Most-Pure Virgin”). One may find a special meaning in this fact: probably not long after the pious tsar Alexey I Romanov had started visiting the Novodevichy Monastery, it occurred to him that the road towards the monastery of the Most-Pure Virgin should not have a name that mentions the devil.
During the Soviet times, Prechistenka Street was renamed after Kropotkin, the revolutionary of 1917th. In the end of the C20th the street has been returned its old name. It is one of the most beautiful streets in Moscow with many manorial estates. You can see them a bit further down the street.
The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is a cathedral on the northern bank of the Moskva River, a few blocks southwest of the Kremlin. With an overall height of 103 metres it is the tallest Orthodox Christian church in the world.
The current church is the second to stand on this site. The original church, built during the 19th century, took more than 40 years to build. It was destroyed in 1931 during the Communist rule of Joseph Stalin. The demolition was supposed to make way for a colossal Palace of the Soviets that was never built, so the church was reconstructed in the 1990s on the same site.
The Cathedral is located on Volkhonka Street, which starts from Borovitskaya Square. The name of the street appeared at the end of the XVIII century when on the lands of the Volkonskis, a famous noble family was a popular tavern "Volkhonka". The street is one of the most ancient in Moscow. It was famous as a district for the rich.
This district is going to become Moscow Museum District. During the tour you will see and have the opportunity to visit a number of art museums: The Tsvetkovsky Gallery, The Ilya Glazunov Art Gallery, The Lopukhin Family Mansion (aka the Roerich Museum), Gallery of European and American Art of the C19th and C20th, The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, The Museum of Private Collections. While walking here you will understand why Moscow used to be accepted as a beautiful jewelry box. In the lanes you will discover old mansions and fall in love with stories of Russian noble families. Such are The Golitsyn Mansion, The Lopukhin Family Mansion, Obolonsky's Mansion, Sergey Tretyakov's Mansion etc. The Chambers of Averky Kirillov - a unique example of a large urban homestead. Chambers, Church of St. Nicholas and outbuildings along the waterfront are a single architectural complex.
Another bright example of Moscow architecture is Pertsova's Rental Apartment Mansions. The house was an apartment house, located on the corner of Soymonovsky passage and Prechistenskaya embankment, built in 1905-1907 by architects N. Zhukov and B.N. Shnaubert on sketches of the artist S.V. Malyutin, author of Russian nesting dolls. The house includes apartments and artists' studios in the upper attic of the building.