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The part of the bridge that goes over Sadovnichesky Island and the Water Overflow Canal, is decorated with glass panels illuminated in different colours. The light created this way gives a very special feeling.
The city is seen from a different perspective from this part of the bridge. From up here you can see the Krymsky Bridge, a big white rectangular building of the Central House of Artists on Krymsky Val Street, brick-red buildings of the “Red October” confectionery, as well as the grandiose monument to Peter I. On the other side, at a distance, there is a big gray building of the “Udarnik” cinema with the Maly Kamenny bridge behind it. The first tram power plant is seen very well in front – it is the building with high chimneys that clearly stand out on the horizon. In summer time one can see fountains on the Water Overflow Canal.
The banks of the Water Overflow Canal are overgrown with water lilies. They blossom in the middle of June, which attracts many photographers to the Patriarshy bridge in this time of the year, all hoping to take a special picture. Earlier there was a landing stage moored to the right bank of the Water Overflow Canal, where in 1960-s they made a floating restaurant.
In the beginning Moscow was built on the left bank, around the Kremlin. But later on the city began to expand to the right bank too. There was a big fire in the end of the C15th that burnt half of Moscow down, including the Kremlin. It was decided not to rebuild this part of the city and make there gardens instead. This is how Grand-ducal (later called Tsar’s) gardens came into existence. Tsar’s gardeners used to live in three villages on Sadovnichesky Island. They grew apples, pears, plums and even unusual for these latitudes grapes, watermelons and asparagus.You are now in the district called Verkhnie Sadovniki (“Upper Gardeners”). In 1701 the gardens were destroyed by another big fire and have never been restored since then.
In the beginning of the C18th merchants started to move to Sadivnichesky island, little by little purchasing all the big gardeners’ estates. It was a very convenient place for the merchants, as the water was right there – the main highway of the Middle Ages. In the C18th the marshes were drained and the river bank was strengthened with wooden blocks. It was not until 1930-s that these blocks were replaced by a stone wall. At the same time the Moscow-River and the Water Overflow Canal embankments were decorated with granite.
The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is a cathedral on the northern bank of the Moskva River, a few blocks southwest of the Kremlin. With an overall height of 103 metres it is the tallest Orthodox Christian church in the world.
The current church is the second to stand on this site. The original church, built during the 19th century, took more than 40 years to build. It was destroyed in 1931 during the Communist rule of Joseph Stalin. The demolition was supposed to make way for a colossal Palace of the Soviets that was never built, so the church was reconstructed in the 1990s on the same site.
The Cathedral is located on Volkhonka Street, which starts from Borovitskaya Square. The name of the street appeared at the end of the XVIII century when on the lands of the Volkonskis, a famous noble family was a popular tavern "Volkhonka". The street is one of the most ancient in Moscow. It was famous as a district for the rich.
This district is going to become Moscow Museum District. During the tour you will see and have the opportunity to visit a number of art museums: The Tsvetkovsky Gallery, The Ilya Glazunov Art Gallery, The Lopukhin Family Mansion (aka the Roerich Museum), Gallery of European and American Art of the C19th and C20th, The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, The Museum of Private Collections. While walking here you will understand why Moscow used to be accepted as a beautiful jewelry box. In the lanes you will discover old mansions and fall in love with stories of Russian noble families. Such are The Golitsyn Mansion, The Lopukhin Family Mansion, Obolonsky's Mansion, Sergey Tretyakov's Mansion etc. The Chambers of Averky Kirillov - a unique example of a large urban homestead. Chambers, Church of St. Nicholas and outbuildings along the waterfront are a single architectural complex.
Another bright example of Moscow architecture is Pertsova's Rental Apartment Mansions. The house was an apartment house, located on the corner of Soymonovsky passage and Prechistenskaya embankment, built in 1905-1907 by architects N. Zhukov and B.N. Shnaubert on sketches of the artist S.V. Malyutin, author of Russian nesting dolls. The house includes apartments and artists' studios in the upper attic of the building.