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There's a monument to Friedrich Engels, one of the founders of Communism and friend of Karl Marx, set up in the small park on the square at the Prechistensky Gates. Nearby is the “Kropotkinskaya” metro station.
Logically you'd think that if “Kropotkinskaya” Metro Station is adjacent, and Prechistenskaya Street – which was renamed as Kropotkinskaya Street in soviet times – then the monument here ought to be of, errr, Kropotkin? The famous anarchist, revolutionary, and geographer. And in fact many think it is! But no. This statue with its hands folded across its chest, and gazing quizzically at the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is of none other than Friedrich Engels. Locals here claim that when it was being installed the crane operator left him hanging in mid-air until the next morning – because his shift was over and it was time to go home. But during the night the statue froze to the white sheet which was covering it, and it got stuck like that for two days. Thus the statue picked up the jokey nickname “The Ghost Of Communism”, a jokey reference to the opening words of the Communist Manifesto, written by Karl Marx in 1848.
The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is a cathedral on the northern bank of the Moskva River, a few blocks southwest of the Kremlin. With an overall height of 103 metres it is the tallest Orthodox Christian church in the world.
The current church is the second to stand on this site. The original church, built during the 19th century, took more than 40 years to build. It was destroyed in 1931 during the Communist rule of Joseph Stalin. The demolition was supposed to make way for a colossal Palace of the Soviets that was never built, so the church was reconstructed in the 1990s on the same site.
The Cathedral is located on Volkhonka Street, which starts from Borovitskaya Square. The name of the street appeared at the end of the XVIII century when on the lands of the Volkonskis, a famous noble family was a popular tavern "Volkhonka". The street is one of the most ancient in Moscow. It was famous as a district for the rich.
This district is going to become Moscow Museum District. During the tour you will see and have the opportunity to visit a number of art museums: The Tsvetkovsky Gallery, The Ilya Glazunov Art Gallery, The Lopukhin Family Mansion (aka the Roerich Museum), Gallery of European and American Art of the C19th and C20th, The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, The Museum of Private Collections. While walking here you will understand why Moscow used to be accepted as a beautiful jewelry box. In the lanes you will discover old mansions and fall in love with stories of Russian noble families. Such are The Golitsyn Mansion, The Lopukhin Family Mansion, Obolonsky's Mansion, Sergey Tretyakov's Mansion etc. The Chambers of Averky Kirillov - a unique example of a large urban homestead. Chambers, Church of St. Nicholas and outbuildings along the waterfront are a single architectural complex.
Another bright example of Moscow architecture is Pertsova's Rental Apartment Mansions. The house was an apartment house, located on the corner of Soymonovsky passage and Prechistenskaya embankment, built in 1905-1907 by architects N. Zhukov and B.N. Shnaubert on sketches of the artist S.V. Malyutin, author of Russian nesting dolls. The house includes apartments and artists' studios in the upper attic of the building.