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The dirty-brown building with large rectangular windows on the ground floor, which we see on the odd-numbered side of Volkhonka at the junction with Lenivka Street, was previously a rental apartment mansion investment project owned by the merchant Lobachev.
This rental apartment mansion block was built by the Russian businessman and engineer Nikita Lazarev in the early C20th. The bay windows were fashionable at the time. Despite an overall avoidance of decoration, there are still some decorative elements, to keep the building from looking dull. We see molded decoration with flowers and animals – even extending to some prehistoric animals and a salamander. Additionally we see a few female faces amid the decorations, although their expressions aren't especially welcoming.
Lobachev's son owned the rental apartments at Volkhonka 7 until 1917, and made excellent money from letting the apartments out to tenants. Later the plan of the ground floor was remodelled to make archways for pedestrians. The building is unusual in that it hasn't been colonised by offices, shops or embassies like many others – it's still used as residential housing.
Quite recently a delicious Siberian Dumpling cafe – Pelmeni - has opened at the address of Lobachev's Rental Apartments – the food is excellent, and the staff are friendly. If you take the arch adjacent to Pelmeni, it leads through to what is now a vacant lot. There is an attractive view of the Borovitskaya area from here.
The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is a cathedral on the northern bank of the Moskva River, a few blocks southwest of the Kremlin. With an overall height of 103 metres it is the tallest Orthodox Christian church in the world.
The current church is the second to stand on this site. The original church, built during the 19th century, took more than 40 years to build. It was destroyed in 1931 during the Communist rule of Joseph Stalin. The demolition was supposed to make way for a colossal Palace of the Soviets that was never built, so the church was reconstructed in the 1990s on the same site.
The Cathedral is located on Volkhonka Street, which starts from Borovitskaya Square. The name of the street appeared at the end of the XVIII century when on the lands of the Volkonskis, a famous noble family was a popular tavern "Volkhonka". The street is one of the most ancient in Moscow. It was famous as a district for the rich.
This district is going to become Moscow Museum District. During the tour you will see and have the opportunity to visit a number of art museums: The Tsvetkovsky Gallery, The Ilya Glazunov Art Gallery, The Lopukhin Family Mansion (aka the Roerich Museum), Gallery of European and American Art of the C19th and C20th, The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, The Museum of Private Collections. While walking here you will understand why Moscow used to be accepted as a beautiful jewelry box. In the lanes you will discover old mansions and fall in love with stories of Russian noble families. Such are The Golitsyn Mansion, The Lopukhin Family Mansion, Obolonsky's Mansion, Sergey Tretyakov's Mansion etc. The Chambers of Averky Kirillov - a unique example of a large urban homestead. Chambers, Church of St. Nicholas and outbuildings along the waterfront are a single architectural complex.
Another bright example of Moscow architecture is Pertsova's Rental Apartment Mansions. The house was an apartment house, located on the corner of Soymonovsky passage and Prechistenskaya embankment, built in 1905-1907 by architects N. Zhukov and B.N. Shnaubert on sketches of the artist S.V. Malyutin, author of Russian nesting dolls. The house includes apartments and artists' studios in the upper attic of the building.