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The entrance vestibule of “Kropotkinskaya” metro station is located on Prechistenskih Vorot Square right where Gogolevsky boulevard begins.
The model of the station won two Grand Prix awards at the international exhibitions in Paris in 1937 and in Brussels in 1958. The Muscovites are of course proud of the station. It is truly one of the most stylish stations of the Moscow metro. In the beginning it was called “Dvorets Sovietov” (“Palace of the Soviets”). Later on, after they had cancelled the project of the Palace, the station was renamed to “Kropotkinskaya”.
The entrance vestibule of “Kropotkinskaya” is quite unique. Its design is based on the use of the high arches developed for industrial buildings. This utilitarian style of the beginning of the C19th has been put by the architects in a new light by means of a special illumination. It gave the station an unbelievably light look, unique at those times. The architects had to fight for their project though, using different tricks at their own risk (after all it was Stalin’s era!). They have made several plaster chapiters by themselves and inserted special reflecting lamps into them. This illumination has persuaded all the experts who had been against the project.
“Kropotkinskaya” metro station has two exits – one leading to the Cathedral of Christ the Savior and another to Prechistenskih Vorot Square. The semicircular arch of the ground pavilion marks not only the entrance to the underground railway, but also the beginning of Gogolevskiy Boulevard, i.e. the beginning of the Boulevard Ring of Moscow. Try standing in a way that you face the metro station’s arch – you will see how different the height of the buildings is - it’s as if the even and the odd sides of the boulevard are located on the opposite river banks.
The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is a cathedral on the northern bank of the Moskva River, a few blocks southwest of the Kremlin. With an overall height of 103 metres it is the tallest Orthodox Christian church in the world.
The current church is the second to stand on this site. The original church, built during the 19th century, took more than 40 years to build. It was destroyed in 1931 during the Communist rule of Joseph Stalin. The demolition was supposed to make way for a colossal Palace of the Soviets that was never built, so the church was reconstructed in the 1990s on the same site.
The Cathedral is located on Volkhonka Street, which starts from Borovitskaya Square. The name of the street appeared at the end of the XVIII century when on the lands of the Volkonskis, a famous noble family was a popular tavern "Volkhonka". The street is one of the most ancient in Moscow. It was famous as a district for the rich.
This district is going to become Moscow Museum District. During the tour you will see and have the opportunity to visit a number of art museums: The Tsvetkovsky Gallery, The Ilya Glazunov Art Gallery, The Lopukhin Family Mansion (aka the Roerich Museum), Gallery of European and American Art of the C19th and C20th, The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, The Museum of Private Collections. While walking here you will understand why Moscow used to be accepted as a beautiful jewelry box. In the lanes you will discover old mansions and fall in love with stories of Russian noble families. Such are The Golitsyn Mansion, The Lopukhin Family Mansion, Obolonsky's Mansion, Sergey Tretyakov's Mansion etc. The Chambers of Averky Kirillov - a unique example of a large urban homestead. Chambers, Church of St. Nicholas and outbuildings along the waterfront are a single architectural complex.
Another bright example of Moscow architecture is Pertsova's Rental Apartment Mansions. The house was an apartment house, located on the corner of Soymonovsky passage and Prechistenskaya embankment, built in 1905-1907 by architects N. Zhukov and B.N. Shnaubert on sketches of the artist S.V. Malyutin, author of Russian nesting dolls. The house includes apartments and artists' studios in the upper attic of the building.