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Kolymazhny Lane, or Coach-House Lane, got its name from the Royal Coach-Houses here, where the ceremonial carriages, or kolymagy were kept. It's interesting that in modern Russian this word 'carriage' has become synonymous with cars which are worn-out jalopies, and the word is left with only a very cynical meaning.
During the Soviet years the street was briefly renamed in honour of Marshal Shaposhnikov – the Chief of the General Staff during WW2. In the closing years of the C20th the historic name was restored to the street.
From the C16th through until the C19th the site of what is now Kolymazhny Lane was entirely given over the Royal Coachyards. Stables, coach-houses, an arena for dressage events with seating for noble guests and spectators, and the offices of the Royal Coachyards Administration - all were sited here. The Great Stable was almost a museum, and displayed the richly-decorated royal saddlery and ceremonial items. In the 1830s the coachyards were entirely rebuilt to serve as a prison for transit prisoners. The most famous exploit was the escape from the prison of Jaroslaw Dombrowski, the future military leader of the Paris Commune. The prison, however, did not last long here. At the end of the C19th the long-deserted buildings were entirely demolished. One hundred years ago the building of the Pushkin Fine Arts Museum was erected here – now famous around the world.
The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is a cathedral on the northern bank of the Moskva River, a few blocks southwest of the Kremlin. With an overall height of 103 metres it is the tallest Orthodox Christian church in the world.
The current church is the second to stand on this site. The original church, built during the 19th century, took more than 40 years to build. It was destroyed in 1931 during the Communist rule of Joseph Stalin. The demolition was supposed to make way for a colossal Palace of the Soviets that was never built, so the church was reconstructed in the 1990s on the same site.
The Cathedral is located on Volkhonka Street, which starts from Borovitskaya Square. The name of the street appeared at the end of the XVIII century when on the lands of the Volkonskis, a famous noble family was a popular tavern "Volkhonka". The street is one of the most ancient in Moscow. It was famous as a district for the rich.
This district is going to become Moscow Museum District. During the tour you will see and have the opportunity to visit a number of art museums: The Tsvetkovsky Gallery, The Ilya Glazunov Art Gallery, The Lopukhin Family Mansion (aka the Roerich Museum), Gallery of European and American Art of the C19th and C20th, The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, The Museum of Private Collections. While walking here you will understand why Moscow used to be accepted as a beautiful jewelry box. In the lanes you will discover old mansions and fall in love with stories of Russian noble families. Such are The Golitsyn Mansion, The Lopukhin Family Mansion, Obolonsky's Mansion, Sergey Tretyakov's Mansion etc. The Chambers of Averky Kirillov - a unique example of a large urban homestead. Chambers, Church of St. Nicholas and outbuildings along the waterfront are a single architectural complex.
Another bright example of Moscow architecture is Pertsova's Rental Apartment Mansions. The house was an apartment house, located on the corner of Soymonovsky passage and Prechistenskaya embankment, built in 1905-1907 by architects N. Zhukov and B.N. Shnaubert on sketches of the artist S.V. Malyutin, author of Russian nesting dolls. The house includes apartments and artists' studios in the upper attic of the building.